Workers Conditions in 19th Century Europe What would it be like to be forced to work long hours for little pay? What feelings would you have after being treated horribly at your workplace? Many workers had to face hardship while working in the factories of 19th century Europe. This was caused by careless government and factory owners. The workers had terrible lives because of low wages and inability to advance in social class.
In our world some of the largest companies and businesses are producing their products in sweatshops. Wal-Mart, JC Penney, Sears, and Nike are just a few of the big name companies that use sweatshops. Sweatshops are work establishments where employees are forced to work extremely hard in poor conditions for low wages. These companies and businesses that have sweatshops are taking advantage of their workers from overseas countries and it is unfair for them (Background). Therefore, something certainly has to be done and they need to be put to a stop.
Many of the factories that the United States buys from are in another countries. In these countries they have horrible working conditions. Working in these places called sweatshops should be banned. Sweatshops are "a shop or factory in which employees work long hours at low wages under poor conditions"("sweatshops"). These factories cause problems for their workers later in the worker's life.
Balko also uses the argument that the workers willingly work in the current environments. Some of the arguments against sweatshops raised by Americans is the they take jobs away from the American people. In the job force it is becoming harder to find an open position any where. Instead of keeping the factories here the companies are shipped over seas, causing millions of job opportunities for Americans to be lost. Some arguments raised by the United Students Against Sweatshops (USAS) are the poor working conditions, low wages, long hours, and children in the factories.
Author Garyfalakis brings out workers life and sweat factories working condition in the developing countries. To educate the consumers, she also shows the impact of boycotting sweat factory products in the developed countries. Same way author Tom Meagher speaks about the factory workers life in the U.S. He describes the circumstances that forces workers to work in the factories with low pay and its impact on their life. No Sweat talks about the low wages in the sweat factories in all the developing countries.
In close, we will touch upon the actions taken by these stakeholders to address the issues sweatshops have created. 1.2.1The ethical issues When it comes to sweatshops, many ethical issues arise. To give a brief overview on what sweatshops is again, one source defines them as “’a business that regularly violates wage, child labor, safety or health laws designed to protect employees from exploitation’” (Redden & Beyer). These factories, or workshops, are usually producing products for companies in the United States and other high cost countries, but more often than not are found in countries such as China, Bangladesh and Vietnam and Cambodia. This is due to the fact that companies are able to produce much larger quantities of products
Multinational corporations can be viewed as ethically and morally just in some instances by adding a few more cents to the employee’s wage to obtain a living wage and further, providing the workers with a safe and healthy work environment. There has always been negative attributions attached to the term “sweatshops” or “sweat factories” and there are many legitimate reasons for this. Sweatshops are considered to be any work environment that involves intensive labour and sometimes child labour receiving compensation that is unfair in which the employee’s can hardly survive on. These labourers work for exceedingly long hours in hazardous conditions that D’Oria 2 could result in serious injury or death. On top of all these unreasonable conditions employees may be subject to mental or even physical abuse brought on to them by their employer.
Nike has been under a great deal of pressure to correct the misdoings that have been done regarding production facilities in the East. As Nike is responsible for these plants, their reputation has been tainted with increasing public debate about ethical matters. While Nike still promotes itself as one of the industry leaders in corporate social responsibility, workers in Asia are still forced to work excessively long hours in substandard environments and are not paid enough to meet the basic needs for themselves or their families. They are faced to a life of poverty and are unfortunate subjects to harassment and violent threats if they make any attempt to form unions or tell journalists about labour abuses in their factories. Phil Knight’s speech regarding Nike’s steps to improving human rights in Asian countries was a step in the right direction for Nike, but it would have been much more effective had Nike fully followed through with these initiatives.
Third World Sweatshops Large corporations such as Nike, Gap, and Reebok and many others from the United States have moved their factories to undeveloped nations; barely pay their employees enough to live on. Countries such as China, Indonesia, and Haiti have readily abundant cheap labor. There should be labor laws or an obligation of respecting workers to provide decent working conditions, fair wages, and safety standards. To begin with, improve their working conditions. Promulgated mental and physical abuses sweatshops don’t delivered alleviate poverty.
For those who worked in factories, life wasn’t any better. Workers received very low pay and worked long hours. Some workers had to work seven days a week, and sometimes those workers were children. Workers under 16 had to labor long hours and received even less the pay as an adult. The factories were unsafe as well, so not only were workers receiving low wages, but they also were putting their lives at risks.