In John Milton’s Paradise Lost, the parallelism between Satan and Eve’s fall is strong in that they were once both the highest before pure perfection. Lucifer is associated with evil, which stems from his free will leading to his rebellion against God and, ultimately, his great fall. He is known as the one who introduces sin to Adam and Eve – the first humans to ever exist. His plan to go against God is the beginning of a whole new world to the universe and a whole new significance of himself as the one known for human error and evil. Eve, “the mother of human race,” is Satan’s target to pull her down to his world of sin because she also wishes to become independent of Adam making her susceptible to anything that can separate her from him (4.475).
In the debate titled Of the Equal or Unequal Sin of Adam and Eve, two authors; Isotta Nogarola and Ludovico Foscarini, argue about the original sin committed by Adam and Eve. Nogarola first states that Eve lacked a sense and constancy and that she therefore sinned less than Adam did. In her case the serpent thought of Adam as invulnerable due to his constancy. God created Adam to have unchanged opinions and state of mind, in order to avoid falling into the serpent’s persuasion, however Eve’s vulnerability led her to a severe sin. God found Adam guilty for the sin because he esteemed man more highly than woman and led his command towards Adam to not eat the fruit from the tree.
Milton’s Satan, on the other hand, comes off originally as charming, but slowly presents himself to be weak and unsure, and his ideals are eventually presented as a mask for his insatiable pride. When Milton’s Satan tricks Adam and Eve into leaving paradise, they are ultimately worse off. Pullman, on the other hand, shows that human beings are essentially crippled without their right and ability to sin and make choices. It is through their differing portrayals of Satan, that Milton and Pullman present their respective cases on how the original sin caused man to lose paradise and eternal bliss, or find free will. When Paradise Lost begins, the vainglorious actions of Satan have resulted in his removal from heaven and placed him on the path to exact revenge against those who have done so.
Satan states: "How such united force of gods, how such / As stood like these, co... ... middle of paper ... ...pportive of him, later reveal his truly destructive character, resulting in the reader disliking Satan. Accordingly, when the character of Satan is followed throughout Paradise Lost, Milton`s reason behind the order of development can be realized. Milton’s desire to create a strong hatred of Satan is achieved best by emphasizing Satan’s good points first. Then, when Satan’s real character begins to surface, the reader is shocked by the actions of their ‘hero’, causing them to dislike him more than if he had always been a bad character. The reader’s dislike of Satan is strengthened by Satan’s shift in motives.
Toward the middle of the story, Satan acted almost as a political figure; he knew when and what to say to persuade other angels to follow him. Some reader suggests that Satan is the protagonist of the story because he struggled to combat his mistrusts and weaknesses. Nonetheless this goal was evil and Adam and Eve turned out to be the pure heroes at the end of the story while they help begin to fix humankind’s evil fate. There are several reasons why Milton focused so much Satan and gave him all the good lines. It is important to know the changes Satan progressed throughout the story.
Satan also says that the fruit has given his knowledge; the knowledge and perfection that comes with the fruit appeals hig... ... middle of paper ... ...eaven, that all The sentence from thy head removed may light On me, sole cause to thee of all this woe, Me me only just object of his ire. (Milton, 267). Eve is genuinely sorry for her sin and wants to take the blame for both her and Adam. Satan, however, once fallen, continues to sin and shows no remorse. It is important that Eve and Satan's ends are different because it shows the reader that humanity will be saved while Satan will live eternally in hell.
Satan journeys through loss and inner conflict. He opposes the status quo and his establishment;he allegorically crosses a threshold to creating his final purpose. Even when he is struck down he is relentless and does not give up. He eventually circumvents his oppressor (god) and creates his own existence and his own realism, he tempts Eve and by extension Adam. Satan is the first and truest form of being throughout Milton’s epic that we relate to because he is vain, we have all been angry, jealous, greedy, vain and in Adams case in “love” Satan is the first and most important character to accept these feelings.
Satan actions are the reason why Adam lost his freedom and free will . Milton had supported that Satan is easy to console with and that he is much more like us than God. Satan perceived as a rebellious angel who rises up and defies God’s morals .God purposely let Satan escape hell and flea to Eden , in which had caused the first disobedient act. “ Man’s first disobedience , and the fruit of the forbidden tree , whose mortal taste brought death into the world, and all of our woe ,with loss of Eden, till one greater man restore us, and regain the blissful seat,sing Heav’nly Muse.. what in me is dark illumine , what is low raise and support “, ( page 3 , Paradise lost). Milton describe Eve’s eating of the forbidden fruit had brought the loss of immortality.
His pride, his envy and his manipulative nature all cause him to rebel against God and lead to his own downfall. Not unlike Achilles or Oedipus, Satan is portrayed as the engineer of his own misery. This heroic characterisation of the first few books highlights the scope of his fall, from a dashing angel to a deceitful snake, and shows the audience the sneaky ways evil can be tempting. As Russell writes: “Milton also deliberately made Satan appear magnificent at the beginning so that his audience might feel all the glamour of evil” (Russell, chap.12, p.15). And magnificent he is indeed!
Evil’s origin begins with Adam and Eve using their special gift, free will, to commit the first sin. They sinned because they were tempted from the free will to choose between following or disobeying God’s orders. Paradise Lost is an epic written by John Milton that describes the fallen angel Satan and the fall of man. The Grand Inquisitor by Fyodor Dostoevsky is about an archbishop who talks with Jesus and wants to burn him as a heretic. Paradise Lost and The Grand Inquisitor both discuss free will and the stories of two benevolent characters that use their free will to choose evil.