Narcissism in John Milton’s Paradise Lost When Eve eats the forbidden fruit of the Tree of Knowledge, her decision to tell Adam of her disobedience turns on two suppositions. If her transgression is kept secret from God, Eve's augmented knowledge might increase Adam's love for her, and perhaps cause her to be more equal or even superior to Adam. Even though Eve was created comparable to Adam as his helper, she refers to Adam as her "Author and Disposer." Furthermore, she says that while God is Adam's law, Adam is her law. Apparently, Eve chafes under this arrangement, as she wraps up her evaluation of not telling Adam of her sin with, "for inferior who is free?"
In Paradise Lost, Milton writes the creation story from the perspective of three different characters: Eve, Raphael, and Adam, in that order. Eve’s story tells of her creation and her interest in herself rather than in Adam. Adam’s story tells the creation of animals and then of Eve from his rib. Raphael’s story is more of a warning to Adam to make sure that Eve does not eat from the tree of knowledge. Raphael is sent by God because he is omniscient and knows that Satan’s snake will tempt her.
Satan successful in deceiving Eve runs away after she eats the forbidden fruit. Returning to Adam, Eve seduces him into committing a sin thus results in the Fall of grace. However, Adam not deceived by Satan; but he’s swayed by Eve’s feminine charm. Furthermore, he knew the consequences that God would give if his disobeyed. In addition, Adam was forewarned in Book 8 of the impending danger from Satan, that he should repel temptation and his passion for Eve to do the right thing.
An Analysis of Satan's Final Speech in Milton’s Paradise Lost Satan's final speech to Eve, 11. 679-732, Book IX, in Milton's Paradise Lost, is a persuasive masterpiece carefully structured to appeal to her ambitious tendencies and to expand her already existing doubts (which Satan has implanted) as to the perfect nature of God. Satan begins by worshipping the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil, as Eve will do after she has made her choice. Throughout the remainder of the speech, he attempts to present the tree as an alternative focus of her faith. Satan endeavours to weaken Eve's admiration and fear of God, and to reinforce her faith in herself, or the potential of what she could be if she had the courage to eat of the fruit.
He claims that Eve suffered a harsher punishment, believed she resembled God, and caused Adam’s sin. According to Foscarini, Eve sinned from ignorance and inconstancy. He backs up his argument by stating Eve is not excused because of her ignorance and is more knowledgeable than given credit, since God created her. Foscarini says that in the Bible, the serpent approached Eve with a question rather than through persuasion, meaning Eve simply answered a question and unknowingly fell into a trap. Although Adam was assigned to protect her, Eve is not off the hook.
Reinventing Literary History- Cregan Joselyn Wohl Paradise Lost by John Milton 2/16/99 It is obvious to the reader that John Milton blames Eve entirely for initiating the original sin and thus losing Paradise. It is she who convinces her husband to allow them to work separately, and it is she who is coerced to eat the fruit that was expressly forbidden by God. John Milton’s view is patriarchal, but involves a contradictory description of Eve as logical, for men at that time did not view women as intelligent. Milton’s demonstration of Eve’s ability to analyze God’s commands with reason and her own judgment emphasizes his opinion that in order to succeed one needs only to have faith in God, which supersedes all intellect, for God is the most knowledgeable being. Adam has the undying faith necessary to remain in Paradise, but Eve obviously does not and is therefore responsible for her sins, and for their banishment.
Milton’s God’s design flaw in creating inequality and division between Adam and Eve set the stage for the Fall of Mankind to occur. Arguably, perhaps Satan was not even needed as mankind was intended to fall from the beginning. In John Milton’s Paradise Lost, the predicament of Adam and Eve was a Catch-22 from the get-go, as sin was present in the Garden before Adam and Eve even eat from the Tree; even before Satan planted his dream inside of Eve’s mind. In this paper, I will attempt to refute the gender argument that Adam was at greater fault for the events that transpired by reasoning that the Paradise that was lost was never there in the first place, by showing that Sin had already existed in Adam and Eve since both of their creations. To begin explaining why this theory is not the truth of the text, let us begin with said theory.
"Adam Unparadised" in The Living Milton: Essays by Various Hands, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1960. Lewalski, Barbara. Paradise Lost and the Rhetoric of Literary Forms Princeton: Princeton U. , 1985, 174. Lieb, Michael. Poetics of the Holy: A Reading of Paradise Lost.
Jonathan Whitfield believes that Eve’s wrongdoings are overly heightened, which therefore present her character in a “patriarchal mythological narrative that favors [Adam]” (61). It is in this line of criticism that one must reexamine Eve’s confrontation of Adam after their fall. After being chastised by God, Eve turns to Adam and proclaims, “Was I t’have never parted from thy side? / As good have grown there still a lifeless rib!” (IX.1153-54). Here, Eve acknowledges her movement away from Adam, away from her status as “she for God in him” and as inferior to Adam because she came from him (IV.299).
Adam worries that he may seek knowledge that displeases God. Raphael praises Adam’s thirst for knowledge and warns him about obsessively seeking knowledge that is useless. Eve eats the fruit because she wants to know how ... ... middle of paper ... ... the universe spends so much time circling the earth. 3 In Book VIII of Paradise Lost, Raphael discusses the source of the moon’s light (140-58). 4 “And now / [Adam] led on, yet sinless, with desire to know” (Paradise Lost VII.60-01).