The Physical Environment of the Korean Peninsula

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Korea, located on the Korean Peninsula in North-East Asia, consists of two separate states – North Korea and South Korea. What makes it a peninsula is the fact that it has the Yellow Sea on its western coast, the East China Sea on it southern coast, and the Sea of Japan on its eastern coast. Its neighbors, and only land access, are China to the northwest and Russia to the northeast. Occupying a land mass of over 84,000 square miles, Korea has a mixture of plains, mountains, and coastlines. The combination of such varied geography provides many elements to consider when analyzing Korea’s physical environment. This essay will seek to provide a general understanding of the geography, climatology, and biogeography of the components that make up Korea’s physical environment. Geography The northern and eastern part of the Korean Peninsula terrain is covered with both high and low mountains. Baekdudaegan, the mountain range that runs along the eastern portion of the peninsula, contains some of the highest elevations in Korea. Mount Sobaek, Mount Kumgang, Mount Seorak, Mount Taebaek, and Mount Jiri are all part of the Baekdudaegan mountain range. Just north of this chain of mountains, through which the border with China runs, is Mount Paektu, the highest mountain in Korea. Running in a northwesterly direction, and very much perpendicular to the Baekdudaegan mountain range, are a series of lower mountains. Though most of Korea’s mountains were formed by volcanic activity there are no active volcanoes in Korea. However, the existence of hot springs throughout the peninsula serves as an indicator to low-level volcanic activity. With almost seventy percent of the Korean Peninsula covered in mountains, rivers and plains become the secondary p... ... middle of paper ... and drastic weather changes cause havoc on the peninsula. Taking into consideration forestall and wildlife situations in Korea makes it clear to understand why they would incline themselves toward a more industrialized way of life Works Cited Chu, Bokyong, and Chiu Rebecca. Social Cohesiveness of Disadvantaged Communities in Urban South Korea: The Impact of the Physical Environment. : Department of Urban Planning and Design, 2014. Jung, Chi-young. Korean Perceptions of the Environment as Viewed through Village Names. Korea Journal 52, no. 1: 74-104. Academic Search Premier, 2012. RYOO, WOONGJAE. The Public Sphere and the Rise of South Korean Civil Society. Journal of Contemporary Asia 39, no. 1: 23-35. Academic Search Premier, 2009. Savada, Andrea. South Korea: a country study. 4th ed. Washington, D.C.: Federal Research Division, Library of Congress, 1992.
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