Introduction Tobacco epidemic killed 100 million people worldwide in the 20th Century. Tobacco epidemic could kill 1 billion in the 21st century alone. Smoking is responsible for the death of one in ten adults worldwide (about 5 million deaths per year) and, if current smoking patterns continue, by 2030 the proportion will be one in six, about 10 million deaths per year (World bank, 1999). This means that about 500 million people alive today will eventually be killed by tobacco (Peto & et al, 1994). Since the 1950s, more than 70,000 scientific articles have left no doubt that smoking is an extraordinarily important cause of premature mortality and disability around the world.
Nationally, tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable and early death. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports the life expectancy for a smoker is reduced by almost a decade when compared to a nonsmoker, with smoking contributing to 1 out of every 5 deaths in the United States each year (CDC, February 6,2014). The National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) estimated in 2012 that approximately 20% of the American population uses tobacco or a tobacco related substance, resulting in over 65 million regular tobacco users (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), September, 2013). Tobacco products include, cigarettes, cigars, smokeless tobacco, hookahs, pipes, snus and electronic cigarettes. There is minimal use of foreign products such as Bidis and Kreteks.
According to CNN “The landmark U.S. Surgeon General 's report linked smoking with bad health.” In this study, lung cancer was the first cancer to be linked to smoking in between the 1940s – 1950s. It is also the number one cause of cancer deaths worldwide. Between 80 to 90 percent of all lung cancer today is smoking related and there are eight other cancers linked to smoking. According to the CDC, “Cigarette smoking causes more than 480,000 deaths each year in the United States.
Lung cancer kills more than 20,000 people in the United States every year. (http://community.healthgate.com) The lung damage which causes emphysema is irreversible, and makes it extremely difficult to breath. But the worst thing is that, with any kind of lung disease, it could be fatal. Adults are not the only ones suffering from the illnesses due to smoking. Approximately 4 million children become ill from being exposed to secondhand smoke.
1. Introduction Tobacco use constitutes a global epidemic that results in 5 million deaths each year (World Health Organization, 2008). If current trends in tobacco use continue, the number of tobacco-related deaths is expected to rise to 8 million deaths annually by 2030 – with 80 percent of these deaths taking place in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) (Mathers & Loncar, 2006). Currently, about 10 percent of the world’s smokers live in India (World Health Organization, 2008). The 2009-2010 Global Adult Tobacco Survey, a nationally representative household survey, found that 34.6% of adults over the age of 15 in India currently use tobacco (International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS), 2010).
Statistics (Fig 1) shows 150, 000 children between ages 11-15 are regular smokers in England (ASH, 2012; Cancer Research, UK, 2011), 21% of girls a 19% of boys indicating actively smoker (NHS; 2012). However, If current trends persist, one billion people would be killed in the 21st century, 10 million estimated deaths per year will be attributable to its use by 2020 (WHO; 2008). New strategies have to be planned in order to tackle and reduce the consumption of tobacco in the adolescent. This assignment aims to synthesis and evaluate the current evidence on tobacco consumption amongst adolescence in both gender aged between 11-15 years old who are living in Birmingham- West Midlands (UK) . Current polices and strategies which are already in use would be critically appraised, various health behaviors will also be analyzed.
Smoking also causes most cases of chronic obstructive lung disease. Also, approximately 49,400 deaths have been due to exposure to secondhand smoke. 3,000 nonsmoking adults die of diseases caused by exposure to second hand smoke every year. My second topic is the impact that smoking has on the environment. Nearly 600 million trees of forest are destroyed each year to provi... ... middle of paper ... ...more than twice as likely as youth without smoking parents to become smokers.
The CDC reports that cigarette smoking is the number one cause of preventable death in the nation that accounts for almost 500,000 deaths a year. Those who haven’t passed away from this deadly habit may be one of the 16 million citizens who suffer from a smoking related disease such as cancer, heart disease, stroke, or diabetes. (29-34) As an additional cost to this health-risking lifestyle “for every person who dies from a smoking-related disease, about 30 more people suffer with at least one serious illness from smoking.” This fact comes for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services who also state that smokers tend to live 10 years less than their counter-part. (2014) This is the present state of smoking and its medical impact on the sub-group, now it is time to look into the history of the sub... ... middle of paper ... ...Tobacco. 2000.
In 1993, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) classified second-hand smoke as a Group A carcinogen- the most dangerous category of carcinogens. About 600,000 people worldwide die from second-hand smoke every year (“Smoking” 3). More people die from second-hand smoke than from smoking the cigarette himself or herself. In a roundabout sort of way, the smokers who smoke in public are causing the death of other people. Isn't that illegal?
Based on research from the American Cancer Society, each year smoking claims more than 400,000 lives in the US. Almost half of all smokers between the ages of thirty-five and sixty-nine die prematurely. Smokers could be losing an average of twenty to twenty five years of their life. When you inhale the smoke of a cigarette, you are letting loose a chemical parade that will march through some of your body's vital organs like brain, lungs, heart and blood vessels. Your body is exposed to chemicals that cause cancer, coronary heart disease, stroke, and respiratory conditions such as emphysema and chronic bronchitis.