The many statue and sculptures of the gods nearly match the beauty of the temples. The bronze statue of Athena inside of the Propylaea is one of the largest and most famous of the statues in the Acropolis. All of the sculptures have a meaning. This could either be a portrayal of a god or goddess or of moments in Greek history. CONCLUSION The Acropolis in Athens is the site of one of the greatest architectural achievements in the history of mankind.
The Greek civilization developed the concept of human supremacy and responsibility into a worldview. Especially, the Classical Ideal is begin from 500 B.C.E. to 399 B.C.E. of the Golden Age Athens, and it created the higher class of art, architecture, and the philosophy of ancient Athens. The classical is the the creativity of the Greek that combined the resources, peace time period, and the ideal based on the Greek culture.
The costly nature of the materials out of which it was designed was intended to overwhelm the viewer, creating a sense of religious awe. The Greeks believed the deities provided the city protection and allowed them to be successful in their endeavors while in time of war. Phidias, a master bronze worker, was commissioned to create the sculpture of Athena Parthenos, the goddess of wisdom to show tribute to the gods by creating a large scale sculpture in Acropolis. The Acropolis was the most important site in the city of Athens, and was well recognized as the hilltop of protection. It is also the most significant reference point of ancient Greek culture as well as the symbol of the city of Athens.
Democracy In 508 BC, Athens was the first Greek city states to fully develop democracy. Democracy came from the Greek words, demos, which means people, and kratein, which means to rule. The development of Athenian democracy was contributed by Solon, Cleisthenes, and Ephialtes. Its main contribution came from Cleisthenses whose reforms turned Athens from a government that was ran by a few people to a government that was ran by of the people. “Democracy in Athens had the effect of energizing its citizens in the defense of the city, and gave the Athenians a reputation of power and strength (Dynneson, 2008, p. 63)”.
on Crete, the large island located about one hundred miles southeast of the Gree... ... middle of paper ... ...on. It is important to understand the history and mechanics of Greek architecture in order to fully appreciate it. The ancient Greeks were very well known for their beautiful temples. They were able to devise several different ways to create beautiful buildings and implement those designs. The ancient Greeks set the architectural foundations for the rest of the world with their three orders.
So let's begin! The Parthenon is a temple that towers above the city of Athens, symbolizing the Athenians' wealth and power. The temple is dedicated to Athena, a Greek goddess and the city-symbol of Athens. This temple served as a monument to Athena because they believed that she helped the Greeks conquer the Persian Empire in the Persian Wars. The Parthenon had a style new to that era and it was impressive to the eye.
The Pantheon was a temple in honor of the Olympic gods; in fact, the word pantheon is Greek for "of all the gods" It is the best preserved of all the Roman monuments. Walking into the interior of the Pantheon you will appreciate the enormity of the columns that form the pillared porch. Once inside you'll find yourself looking up in awe at the size of the area above you, until your eyes find the opening in the dome. The pavement of the interior is finely polished marble in patterns of the style called "Opus Sectile" which was popular in ancient Rome. Not only is the Pantheon one of the most amazing architectural structures of the Roman Empire, but it is also one of the most intriguing.
In the world today, there are many spectacular sculptures and artworks. The statue of Zeus at Olympia was possibly the most famous statue in the ancient world. It is known to be one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. The Greek sculptor Phidias made it about 435 BC, and dedicated to Zeus the king of gods. The statue of Zeus was the greatest statue to be built in Greece.
Examples of good use in aesthetics and representative pieces of architectures can be found in the Acropolis. Their interest in perfection has been engraved into the architectural world, the excellence of their intelligence enabled them to create the most monumental pieces, their work so great that the ancients even believe they have been built by the gods. Architecture has been part of their culture, the primary intention is to allow its people to possess in patriotism, religion and confidence. In addition to be impress and proud to be part of their civilization. Consequently the Greeks had a reason to build.
Athenians’ had a great love for their city-state at the time due to it being the central of Greece, and this led to their numerous cultural achievements. Both architecturally and literately, Athens’ Golden Age sis the foundation of the present-day’s culture.