This is also a time when Athens created a direct democracy. In this golden age Athens also made significant advancements in science, math, and literature. Athens made many great contributions to many fields, but the two most significant advancements were in architecture and government, but the single handily the most important was government. These advancements continue to influence many societies today. After the Greeks defeated the Persians in the Persian war the Greek city-states created, the Delian league, which was founded in 478 B.C, and Athens and nicknamed “Athens and their allies” ran it.
Athens had been sacked by the Persians during the Persian Wars and Pericles set out to rebuild the city. The city's walls had already been rebuilt right after the end of the second Persian War so Pericles rebuilt temples, public grounds, and other impressive structures. One of the most famous structures to result from Pericles' building project was the Parthenon. The Parthenon and other such structures re-established Athens's glory and while some Athenians criticized the projects as too lavish, most Athenians enjoyed the benefits of the program. A major benefit to the Athenian people was that there was an abundance of work in the polis.
By the seventh and sixth centuries B.C., Greek colonies and settlements stretched all the way from western Asia Minor to southern Italy, Sicily, North Africa, and even to the coasts of southern France and Spain. These regions opened up further trade connections to the north which gave access to valuable raw materials, such as gold. Also, Greek city-states consisted of mountainous peninsula and many islands that isolated the Greeks from one another causing the development of the communities to be independent that they even fought each other to gain advantage. Later, the Greeks established colonies that spread civilizations throughout the Mediterranean world which made it more powerful and more significant. Secondly, the Ancient Greeks made huge political impact that affected the ancient and the modern world.
Their win made the Athenians very confident in themsel... ... middle of paper ... ... other city-states to join them and invade Athens. Therefore, Sparta led the Peloponnesian league in response to the Delian League and Athens. Eventually, Sparta invaded Athens and defeated the Athenian Empire. Despite winning, the Spartans were very generous to the Athenians. Ten years after the war, the Athenians were given their independence.
Given their new found knowledge and influences from Greek and Phoenician cultures they were able to implement some ideas into their own stately figures that reflect their lifestyle. It was then that Roman architecture flourished throughout the Empire and Pax Romana century (Trueman). Their architectural designs resembled a wealthy lifestyle. A... ... middle of paper ... ...em a powerful city because it impacted the lives of people around the glove for centuries. The major component that makes a city “Great” is the power that they have.
In 520 B.C., Persian armies attacked and conquered some Greek land and Greek people. The Athenians wanted back their hard worked for freedom so the aided the Greeks of Ionia against the unpreventable Persian threat. As the war escalated, over 7,000 Spartans came forward to defend a crucial point, against Xerxes, the Persian leader at that time. The Spartans fought well but could not keep back the immense army of the Persian King. To bring this hor... ... middle of paper ... ...ountry will do good and people will listen and be more open to new ideas that the government might have in store for them.
CONCLUSION The Acropolis in Athens is the site of one of the greatest architectural achievements in the history of mankind. With a rich history and a beautiful design the Acropolis projects man’s ability to create a lasting monument to its strength and intellect. The Acropolis has survived foreign contamination, bombshells, and years of rebuilding but through all this time it has managed to still be the cornerstone of Greek culture in the eyes of the world and will continue to be for years to come.
As Alexander spread Greek culture through his military conquests, he and others established economically stable Hellenistic cities. Alexander was able to do this in part because of the economic gains from his conquest of the Persian Empire that were due to the royal treasury, which was full of valuable items. These cities were successful marketplaces and economic centers that participated in manufacturing and trade. Because they were located in various places around and throughout the empire, these cities collectively improved the entire Greek economy dramatically during the Hellenistic era. Through merchants and their newly founded, efficient, and consistent coin system, Greece was able to conduct trade oversea and overland both internally and with other civilizations, including their invaluable trade connection to China through the Silk Road.
Perhaps his most recognized conquest was of the Achaemenid Empire of Persia and its ‘King of Kings’ Darius III during the Battle of Issus 1. After defeating the Persians at the Battle of Granicus, Darius gathered an enormous army from his empire and moved through the Greek line of supply, these actions required Alexander to counter attack which staged the battle near the Pinarus River and south of the Village of Issus 2. Darius’ army outnumbered Alexander’s by a 2:1 ratio 3. Attesting to his title, he deployed superior battlefield tactics and practices that led his army to victory, causing the Persian king to flee, leaving his empire to Alexander. The phalanx was used throughout history as an effective battlefield maneuver from roughly 2500 B.C until around 200 B.C and altered and refined as time passed 4.
During Pericles rule, the Golden age of Athenian culture began 449 and lasted until 331 BCE. During this time Athens exploded with arts and culture, he was close friends with many playwrights and artists. Pericles made theater admission more affordable for the poorer citizen to allow them to enjoy the arts of Athens. The state of Athens was booming until the year 331 BCE, which marked the beginning of the Peloponnesian