The Objectification of the American Dream in The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald

843 Words2 Pages

The Objectification of the American Dream in The Great Gatsby The American Dream is a major in American Literature. According to James Truslow Adams, in his book Epic of America, this dream promises a brighter and more successful future, coupled with a vision based on everybody being equal irrespective of their gender, caste and race. It emphasizes that everyone is innately capable of achieving his or her dreams with hard work. In F. Scott Fitzgerald's novel The Great Gatsby, the American Dream is portrayed by Jay Gatsby's vision of attaining the social status he desires. Gatsby can achieve his dream once he marries Daisy Buchannan, a young woman he met in Louisville, where he falls in love with the opulence that surrounds her. Throughout the book, the motifs of the green light and fake facade are used to signify Gatsby's hope and never ending lust for status respectively. Gatsby's obsession with restructuring his past leads to his failure. Fitzgerald uses these motifs of the green light, fake facade and past to showcase Gatsby's objectification of his American Dream. The green light at the end of Daisy Buchannan's dock signifies both hope and the difficulties Gatsby encounters while pursuing his Dream. Throughout the novel, Gatsby expresses hope in various ways, but the most evident of all is when he reaches out with his hands toward the green light. When the narrator, Nick Carraway is introduced to Gatsby in the beginning, he watches Gatsby stretch out his arms toward "...a single green light, minute and far away, that might have been the end of a dock"(Fitzgerald,25). Gatsby pointing toward the end of the dock signifies hope, but also his desire to be with Daisy. Just across from the ba... ... middle of paper ... ...aterial success blind him, and give a false vision of him being so close to the attainment of his goal. While in reality his dream could have never come true as toward the end of the novel, Daisy moves far away from New York with Tom. This leaves Gatsby alone with his wealth an no one to share it with. Gatsby's belief of achieving his American Dream through Daisy lead to his failure. While the American Dream suggests that everyone can achieve the status and wealth they desire through hard work, Gatsby's newly earned wealth and lifestyle are looked down upon, due to which he desires to be married with Daisy, which can lead to him attaining his dream. The American Dream during the nineteen twenties is portrayed by the author as a dream merely restricted to the attainment of wealth and social class which had consumed many people including Jay Gatsby.

Open Document