The Nature and Importance of Truth

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What exactly is truth? What is true? These questions are two completely different questions. In order to answer what is true, you must first determine what truth actually is. If we look in the Merriam-Webster dictionary, we see the definition that says “The things that are true”. This is not what we are looking for in a definition of this word, but really there is no defining line between what is true, and what is not.

Truth is essentially divided into two main types of truth. There is empirical truth that is what is observed, what can be tangibly learned from observation. For an example we look at, Starbucks makes coffee and other hot beverages. This is a form of empirical truth, which is what is observed. Other than the empirical truth, there is truth. Truth is defined by us, by our beliefs, experiences, observations. This is the problem that there is with the nature of truth, because our experiences, and beliefs may differ from someone else giving them different truth. There are several theories on truth, and they are the Correspondence Theory, the Semantic Theory, the Deflationary Theory, the Coherence Theory, and the Pragmatic Theory. In this paper, we will be focusing on the Correspondence Theory and the Coherence Theory ( insert citation, IEP website).

The Correspondence Theory, is most likely the popular one of the group. The origins of this theory originate in early forms of Plato, and Aristotle. What this theory says about what truth is, is that its a relationship. A relationship between a proposition, and a fact that goes along with this proposition. The proposition that peppermint tea, has the taste of peppermint is an example of this. This theory uses fact to determine truth. We can see that this uses an form of ar...

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...evident of what a person sees as fact, and what they would observe. We see different theories of truth and how to find truth, but the one that is more commonly used by philosophers would be the correspondence theory, and ones who would not usually subscribe to the correspondence theory because of its complexity would sometimes follow the coherence theory.

Works Cited

The Nature of Truth: Classic and Contemporary Perspectives

Michael Patrick Lynch

MIT Press, 2001 - Philosophy - 802 pages

Bradley Dowden ,Norman Swartz

Young, James O., "The Coherence Theory of Truth", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Summer 2013 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = .

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