(Refer to Short Story Writing about Literature section in the Short Story Essay Instructions.) In Franz Kafka’s The Metamorphosis, the entire story is set in the Samsa family apartment. The main characters are Mr. and Mrs. Samsa, Grete Samsa, and Gregor Samsa. Gregor Samsa woke up one morning to learn that he has somehow turned into a gigantic bug. Gregor also happens to be the main provider for the family, which gives him motivation to still try to get up and
Some of the first thoughts of his that we’re presented with – aside from the shock of having turned into a giant bug, of course – revolve around his concern with how he’s going to get to work, so he can continue to support his family. As if to emphasize this, Kafka describes Gregor’s struggle to then get himself out of bed, a struggling resulting from his now unfamiliar body. Upon managing to open the door, however, he is greeted by his father’s newspaper, used as a means to shoo Gregor back into his room and out of sight. As if this were not cruel enough, Gregor goes so far as to make excuses on his father’s behalf, divulging a sense of understanding as to why he would behave in such a cruel manner. As time moves on, Gregor’s transformation begins to affect his basic instincts.
Gregor Samsa awakes one morning to find that he has been inexplicably transformed into a giant insect. He has also slept late. His parents and his sister Grete try to rouse him so he can make it to his dreary job as a traveling salesman. The family depends on him for its livelihood. Gregor, however, is now a bug.
After the metamorphosis, he is unable to continue working and his father is left with no option rather than to start working again (Franz 12). Grete Samsa is Gregor’s sister who takes care of him after the transformation. The sister-brother relationship the two had fades away quickly. While Grete had previously agreed to clean his room and feed him, she now becomes impatient and arrogant. She intentionally leaves his room dirty and unkempt.
The astronomer’s wife is managing the house finding the silliest things to keep her busy: “…from the removal of the spot left there from dinner on the astronomer’s vest to the severe trashing of the mayonnaise for lunch”. Elisa spends her days in garden raising chrysanthemums “bigger than anybody around here.” The fact that these two women did not have any children can mislead us to the conclusion that they were both trying to satisfy the instincts they were probably having at the age of thirty-five. While this is the case with Elisa, the astronomer’s wife had different problem: the lack of communication with her husband and incapability to understand the world he was in.
Throughout the novel, Gregor’s family thickens the boundary that divides Gregor’s body from his identity - therefore the process is more regressive. For instance, at the beginning of the novel when Greta places a bowl of milk in his room she shows that she has hope that Gregor is the beetle. However, since Gregor begins to reject all the foods he previously liked as a human, because he is adapting to his new body’s needs (Kafka 27-28). Greta takes this as an indication to destroy any hope in believing Gregor is the beetle. She demonstrates this when she removes all the furniture from his room so he has more space to crawl around.
During dinner Scout who is oblivious to the Cunningham’s lifestyle impulsively states that “Walter has gone and drowned his dinner in syrup” (Lee 32) the remark led to Calpurnia scolding Scout and telling her that Walter is her company and she needs to be more respectful. The kitchen incident leads to Scout complaining about Calpurnia to Atticus. At this moment Atticus tells her that everything is easier if “you climb into someone’s skin and walk around in it” (Lee 39). Atticus’s lesson to Scout clears up the confusion and hatred she had of Mrs. Caroline. Scout realizes that had she put herself into Mrs. Caroline’s shoes she would have seen why she did what she did.
Food is the key for a healthy cognitive, emotion and physical developments. Mr. Nguyen makes the readers realize that food is necessary for psychological health every time when he has to face her daughter in order to force her to eat. For instance, Mr. Nguyen has no other choice except to force the spoon quickly inside her mouth, even though he is expecting her to spit it right back out (79). He is terribly down in the dumps when her daughter eats only rice and steamed tofu and sometimes, if he is successful in his begging, a fried egg (79). Food is seen as a psychological remedy when Mr. Nguyen tells her Easy-to-Love, “Do you know how much happier you would make your Ba feel if you would just eat?
As a result of Gregor’s physical metamorphosis, he also succumbs to a psychological transformation the longer he lives in his insect body. Gregor accepts his new physical form and begins using it to his advantage. He develops a love for food scraps and climbs the walls of his room fo... ... middle of paper ... ...tamorphosis deals with physical, psychological and emotional transformations in multiple characters. Although Gregor Samsa’s physical transformation was the most grotesque and obvious, his psychological metamorphosis correlated with his mutation. While Gregor is dealing with the most unbelievable transformation, both Mrs. Samsa and Grete undergo a subtle metamorphosis of their own.
Listen darling we’re worried enough about your brother .. She’ll eat … she’ll eat leaves acorns. Horse chestnuts … she’ll find things, she knows what food she needs … worms snails, stuff that drops out of trash cans. She’s like us, she omnivorous… See you soon, sweetheart. This one phone conversation has two key pieces of giving us very realistic situations, the first being when Veronica switches from melt down mode as she was just previously losing her reputation as a prideful adult in front of her house guest, she collects herself to avoid any worry in her daughter. Secondly, she covers up the mess by lying to her daughter that her hamster will be alright, knowing what happens to hamsters when they’re set free, just like most realistic moms would do to prevent breaking their child’s