He shows how those in power use race as means of discrimination and domination. One issue Hacker addresses is Affirmative Action. I agree with his assertion that whites are afraid of it because they believe that “it is enabling black America to be weak and subservient to the dictates of the society.” However, Affirmative Action may be one of the few programs designed to help blacks. I also agreed with Hacker’s notion that society concentrates solely on “black crime,” but then looks away in instances of “white crime.” By “white crime”, Hacker means non-violent crimes like embezzlement and “black crimes” are the violent crimes like murder. Because society sees “black crimes” as more dangerous, they tend to ignore “white crimes.” As insightful as this book was, there was a great deal of things in it that I disagreed with.
“Critics argue that under the sole-factor definition, a hypothetical officer who routinely stops African-Americans for rolling stops or obscured license plates but does not stop Whites for the same infractions is not technically engaging in racial profiling because a reason other than race can be used to justify the stops” (Protecting Civil Rights 159). Profiling undermines public safety and thins the police and community trust. When law enforcement officers target citizens based on race or religion rather than behavior, community distrust of police seems to increase. Although the perpetrator just may happen to be a minority depending on the diversity of the population. Minority communities that had been unfairly targeted in the past continue to experience greater mistrust and fear of police officers.
But there is a difference between looking at suspects through a behavioral scale then just pulling someone over because they are African American. The main definition of racial profiling is “ a form of discrimination by which law enforcement uses a person race or cultural background as the primary reason to suspect that the individual has broken the law” (... ... middle of paper ... ...deny anyone with jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws and yet being being pulled over cause they are black is “equal”? To agree with modern day society there is a need to tighten security and be alert against all types of crimes and acts of terror. But being picked on only because one’s skin color and/or background is just morally wrong. It is true that many races stick to one type of crime and it is alright to profile a group belonging to the same ethnic background, but not every single person should be held accountable for a crime committed by very stupid, and idiotic individuals.
Behavioral profiling should be the main form of identifying potential criminals because, instead of using race as a key point in identifying potentially threatening criminals, behavioral profiling uses someone’s behavior to identify criminals. This method will not discriminate people of different races and will be more efficient then racial profiling. Racial Profiling has started to spread too many places around the world; we need to let the world know that arresting people solely on their race is a discriminatory and wrong practice. To some people, Racial Profiling is considered as “morally wrong”. That means that is like putting certain races into a lower class while putting other races in a higher class.
But police officers, who understand the real world, and the workings of actual neighborhoods -- should not be expected to ignore their real-world experiences. Liberals assure that crime is caused by poverty and lack of education. But the big issue is that blacks are, in fact, disproportionately poor, so people end up thinking that it is conceivable to suggest that blacks (young black men, actually) are disproportionately more likely to commit crimes. But, is it conscionable to forget about the Basic American right, the right to be considered innocent until proven guilty. References: David Cole, 1999, The Color of Justice.
Stop and Frisk negatively impacts Black and Hispanic citizens in NYC because it promotes institutional racism. The NYPD is promoting institutional racism through carrying out Stop and Frisk. Institutional Racism is policies, and procedures of institutions that have a disproportionately negative effect on racial minorities’ access to and quality of goods, services, a... ... middle of paper ... ...lice are specifically hunting them, which causes them to lose trust and faith in the people they are supposed to trust to protect them. This is a dangerous result as people wont rely on their police when in a situation that requires the NYPD’s help. None of these impacts of Stop and Frisk attribute to a just and equitable society.
It has been said that racial profiling has been used more than once as a way to detain suspects that arouse suspcion according to NAACP. Racial profiling is the suspicion of people based on race, ethnicity, nationality, religion, or other immutable charateristics rather than evidence based behavior. Eventhough statistics say otherwise racial profiling should not be used as a reasnoable right to detain an individual because it is unlawful, discrinmatory, and ineffective. Even though statistics say otherwise racial profiling is actually a good way to determine if a person is a suspect or not. Because of hard statistical evedence that shows young black and hispanic men commiting disproportionate numbers of crime.
They claimed that they were scared and felt they might have been attacked or even killed (88). This is a legitimate excuse in a white American society that perpetuates negative images of African Americans. Whites have come to believe that their life is in danger every time they’re confronted with a black person and that some how their life is worth more than a black person’s life. Their fear and their bias is a manifestation of a deep-rooted media bias that anything black is bad and anything white is pure and good. This media bias has also been illustrated in the Susan Smith cas... ... middle of paper ... ...image we have seen, read, heard and ultimately come to believe of Malcolm X which is far from the truth.
One argument to support the claim that police fail to protect and serve those in black neighborhoods is the hidden rule to treat those of color as criminals until proven otherwise. This can be proved when examining the issue of racial profiling. According to Brent Staples’ essay “When the Paranoids Turn Out to be Right,” this situation is largely invisible to white people, who consider the complaints of racial profiling to be “para... ... middle of paper ... .... Geoffrey Canada. Fist, Stick, Knife, Gun: A Personal History of Violence. Boston, Mass: Beacon Press, 2010.
Racial Profiling and the racism aspect of it continue the legacy of disadvantage to black people compared to whites. It is safe to say that racial profiling is quite plausibly, an example of racist habits and ideas. Another reason for the excuse of profiling racially is to supposedly lower black on black crime. It was showed that in 2011 685,724 people were stopped. Instead the outcome of this is usually the opposite at the same time it is political ways to make the residence of the white communities feel secure and safe.