One conqueror who possessed these qualities was Genghis Khan, the leader of the Mongol Horde. Around 1162, near the present-day border between Mongolia and Siberia, a child clutching his own blood clot was born (Genghis Khan BBC Part 1/5) . The child, named Temujin, later Genghis Khan, was a ruthless conqueror and leader as well as a fearsome warrior. As a young leader of his tribe, he knew he was born to dictate and show the world what ‘illiterate’ Mongols could achieve. Over his lifetime, Khan, along with the help of his sons, conquered the more land than anyone in the pages of history.
During Temujin’s childhood there were many circumstances that contributed to becoming the leader of Mongolia. For example, when Temujin was nine, his father was poisoned by the Tatars, family rivals, leaving Temujin fatherless. The tribespeople refused to accept him as their leader in place of his father because he was too young. There were numerous conflicts amongst the tribe regarding who would assume the leadership role. Ultimately, the tribe members abandoned Temujin along with his mother and brothers.
In the early years of his life, his father was poisoned to death by an enemy clan (Hanson-Harding, 18). Immediately following his father’s death his own clan abandoned Temujin and his family (Hanson-Harding, 18). The years following his father death, life for Temujin and his family was painstakingly difficult with everyday being one of uncertainty. Several years later escaping from slavery and saving his wife after being abducted the tribe that once abandon Temujin welcomed him back where he assume the position of tribal chieftain (Hanson-Harding, 18). Upon appointment of tribal chieftain, Temujin set out to unify all the warring tribes in the steppes.
Here, Ariq Boke became used to nomadic life, unlike his older brothers that were used to traveling and saw the benefits of settled life (Rossabi, 1988, page 47). Furthermore, during the time of Mongke’s death, Ariq Boke was in the heart of the Mongol homeland, and was essentially in control of not only the army that was left behind, but also was in charge of running the country while his eldest brother was away. Therefore, in June of 1260, after the death of Monke, Ariq Boke challenged the succession of Khubulai and he was
Wishing to be a leader, he returned home to claim his father’s old position. After being declined to lead the tribe, he was banished and left amid poverty along with his mother and siblings. Surviving on wild berries and ox carcasses, his family looked up to him. Often shunned by the rest of his family, Temujin lived a difficult life. It wasn’t until he killed his brother when hunting for game that his position in the family became concrete.
Around the year 1162 a son was born to the respectable Yesügei (a Mongolian tribal leader) and his wife, Oulen in what is known as today's border between Mongolia and Siberia. His name was Temujin, but most people recognize him as the infamous Genghis Khan. After experiencing a rough childhood, an arrangement six years in the making finally occurred when Temujin was a young 16 year old boy; marrying his first wife, Börte. Several years down the line, after raising four sons and an unknown number of daughters Temujin, in the year 1206, was named Genghis Khan, a title many only could dream of receiving. Throughout his successful reign the Great Khan united the Mongolian people, this is mainly due to his religious tolerance.
“Temujin married Borte, cementing the alliance between the Konkirat tribe and his own.” ("Biography.com"). Temujin was greatly feared among the Mongols, as he was known for his ruthlessness, cunning, and his ferocity. “…by 1196 he had become powerful enough to assert personal control over all of the Mongol tribes” (Adler and Pouwels, 239-41). In 1206, Temujin had conquered nearly all of central and eastern Mongolia, and through a council of clan elders, he was proclaimed to be Chinghis Khan, also known as Genghis Khan. “For the first time in their history, the Mongols were united under one leader.” (Adler and Pouwels, 239-41).
Temujin was later awarded the title Chinggis, which is thought to mean "Oceanic Ruler," (Lane, 2006) . Genghis started leading with the intention of his people’s survival, and to keep his tribes happy. His innovations in law and organisation were the traits that built the foundation, on which he used to expand his empire. Genghis khan is the most well know leader of the Mongolian empire, in under 20 years, this great leader would lead the nomadic tribes out from the Eurasian steppes in order to conquer the mighty Chin Empire of northern China, as well as overrun the Islamic kingdom who had ruled the west. Once Genghis khan had a small taste of power he grew it into a conviction of spiritual righteousness, the Mongolians started to carry the banner of Tengri, the god of the sky.
The only trade that occurred was between clans united by an alliance. (Goldberg 23) The rise of Genghis Khan began with a personal tragedy, when the Tatar Clan poisoned his father. In the Mongolian Tribes, family ties were essential. After his father’s death, with no more family ties to his tribe, the tribe deserted his family. After his brother died in a hunting accident, he became the leader of his family.
Genghis Khan was born as Temujin in central Mongolia. This was the year of 1167. When he was born, he had a small lump of blood clutched in his fist. This blood clot was considered to be a sign that this newborn was going to be a hero. A hero he was, even at a young age he was able to reveal himself as a potential ruler with much courage and intelligence.