By altering the genetic material of somatic cells onetime cures of devastating, inherited disorders may be potentially achieved. But, "in principle, gene therapy should be applicable to many diseases for which current therapeutic approaches are ineffective or where the prospects of effective treatment appear exceedingly low." (1) However, gene therapy is still extremely new and highly experimental. The number of approved clinical trials is small, and relativ... ... middle of paper ... ...scarbamylase deficiency. Hum Gene Ther 10(14):2419-37.
A lot of work still needs to be done to identify more genetic markers. Since the start of the HGP "nearly all common genetic diseases and a large number of rarer ones have been traced back to one or more defective genes" (van Ommen et al, 1999). The completion of the HGP holds a lot of promise for the medical field. "In the distant future lies the possibility of developing specific therapies for disorders, such as cancers, upon knowing its genetic structure" (Mehlman, 1998). Diagnostics is the first area that has really benefited from the work of the HGP.
DNA is what makes you you. It has four nitrogen bases; A, T, C, and G make up the way a person look and develop. This DNA is cut into sequences called By changing the way the protein codes for a specific trait or gene we can make the DNA mutate to a better cell. While changing DNA could lead to cures in the medicine, some say genetic experimentation should not be allowed because it is not safe. Even though the critics do not think that genetic medicine is safe, Americans should all support genetic testing because the testing is revolutionary, more effective, and can cause major diseases to fade away.
In the future, geneticists would be able to clone pieces of organs and, then, make organs for surgeries involving transplants. Geneticists may even be able to clone cells from damaged organs and then engineer exact duplicates. Genetics will definitely have a large impact on correcting of malfunctions in the human body. Without doubt, genetic engineering has already helped make human life easier and will continue to do so in the future, provided that research on genetic engineering continues. All advancements in science have led to positive and negative results, yet, the rewards of genetics greatly outweigh the disadvantages.
Human Gene Therapy Human gene therapy is a fairly new study in the biology and medical fields. The value of gene therapy extends from curing horrible genetic diseases, to enhancing our bodies physical appearance, and to being a new drug delivery system (1). The results from gene therapy seem almost limitless once it becomes common practice, but for right now there are still some technical aspects to overcome. Gene therapy is also a highly controversial topic in some aspects. One of the major goals of gene therapy, and could be the most important, is replacing defective or missing genes with healthy ones.
According to an article titled “Medicine Gets Personal” by Marc Wortman, published in Technology Review, this could play a big role of medicines of the future. Eventually, knowledge of one’s personal genome will help one’s doctor decide which medication could be the best for him/her. With this genetic information, the doctor will know whether or not the prescription will have any hazardous side affects. The tiny variations of DNA are called single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). In order to be able to decipher how certain medications will interact with DNA, scientists must first identify as many variations as possible and figure out which ones have a significance in the effects of medicines.
The Viability of Gene Therapy for Hemophilia Gene therapy is a vast field, and experimentation is being attempted for a broad range of diseases. Gene therapy for hemophilia is specifically more viable than gene therapy for other diseases, even though it has some fallbacks of its own. Researchers have found that specific viral vectors can be used in gene therapy for hemophilia. Over the years, scientists have created a large experimental base by usage of both animal and human models. They have also found that there are certain technical problems to be overcome, despite the advances that have been made.
Moral choices, ethical dilemmas, personal biases, and strong opinions tend to go hand in hand; you certainly cannot have one without the other. The topic of this paper is an ethical dilemma that will cause me to make a moral choice; I am also personally biased and strongly opinionated in regards to the situation. The topic is the donation of my DNA for a research study; the goal of the study will be to find a variant of a gene that will resist specific bacterial diseases. If the company succeeds in finding this gene, it may be able to produce a drug to sell to people who have these diseases. This paper will attempt to cover three main questions in order to cover this topic.