This law doubles sentences for second-time felons and gives life sentences for even non-violent third felony offenders. In March 2008, there were 41,284 prisoners serving time under this three-strikes law. In 2005, they estimated this law was costing the state $500 million each year. (Moore, 2009) Public Safety Concerns The biggest issue with public safety concerns is the public may be quick to overreact and not hear out the positive aspects of releasing certain offenders early on parole or probation. The public is quicker to want more prisons built, than to support programs that would rehabilitate those offenders who could be active parts of their communities without threat.
But a key issue that is linked with overcrowding is the high recidivism rates. The budget cuts along with the actual overcrowding itself, can be blamed for this along with the fact that the counseling and treatment programs aren’t preparing inmates to re-enter society. The direct result of reducing rehabilitative services is a high recidivism rate. The inmates violate their parole and are sent right back to jail. The National Institute of Justice website hired the Bureau of Justice to complete a study over recidivism rates in 2005.
Out of those 2.4 million people, fifty percent of the male federal population and fifty-eight percent of the female federal population are behind bars for a drug offense (Shively, 2015). Out of the almost seventy billion dollars spent on prison every year, only 1.9 cents of every dollar goes towards substance abuse treatment (Sack, 2014). With nearly fifty percent of jail and prison inmates addicted to drugs, more focus needs to be put on rehabilitation rather than leaving prisoners to go through
The U.S should lower the maximum sentence for drug-related crimes, because according to www.drugwarfacts.org, “On Dec. 31, 2012, there were 196,574 sentenced prisoners under federal jurisdiction. Of these 99,426 were serving time for drug offenses.” That means that half the people in prison in 2012, were there because of drug offenses, and a good way to make that number lower is to lower the maximum sentence for drug-related crimes. That is the first reason why the U.S imprisonment is too high. The second reason why the U.S imprisonment is too high, because of lack of prisoner's resources. Often times a person, might burgle someone, why, because they are a 12th grade dropout, who barely has enough enough money to get by.
It contributes to the problem of overpopulation in the prison system. Prisoner parole or escapes can give criminals another chance to kill. It is barbaric and violates the "cruel and unusual" clause in the Bill of Rights. Life in prison is a worse punishment and a more effective deterrent. We as a society have to move away from the "eye for an eye" revenge mentality if civilization is to advance.
The number of mandatory minimum penalties in the federal criminal code has jumped from 98 in 1991 to 195 in 2011. Fifty-five percent of inmates in federal prisons are serving sentences with a mandatory penalty of five years or more. That’s up from 43.6 percent in 1990 (National Institute of Justice). The United States is one of the few countries on Earth that does not guarantee retroactive ameliorative relief in sentencing. With that being said, those convicted of a crime are not automatically given relief if the punishment for that crime is revised (or eliminated entirely) after their sentencing.
On average, one person dies every hour because of alcoholic traffic accident in United State. Therefore, the NTSB put out a recommendation last May that the legal blood alcohol content (BAC) level for drivers should be lowered from the current level of .08% to .05%. But for several reasons, we shouldn’t lower the criterion on blood alcohol content. Lowering the criterion on blood alcohol content would make a lot of responsible social drinkers become criminals. A 170 pound man could get to .05 by drinking three beers in an hour, and a 137 pound woman by drinking just two, which means that the man could be legally impaired if he had three drinks, but the woman could earn a set of handcuffs with only two drinks.
To affectively combat the negative connotations of the supermax facilities, a reform is necessary. Total confinement in supermax facilities has lasting negative effects on inmates and can potentially produce worse individuals for society. Segregation among dangerous inmates and the general prison population should be sought after, although total confinement is not the answer. Inmates that are classified as ‘the worst of the worst’ should be administered into programs of rehabilitation, especially focusing on good morale and principles of ethics. Instead, these inmates are stripped of these trainings and dehumanized.
Introduction According to the American Civil Liberties Union, with only 5% of the world’s population, the United States holds 25% of its prisoners (2008). Due to our high rate of incarceration, the ACLU points out that since 1970, our prison population has risen by 700% (Pew 2007:ii). The majority of these arrests are due to non-violent drug crimes that in turn are the consequence from the War on Drugs. In this paper, I would like to explore the correlation between these mass arrests and race. Moreover, I’m going to cover how these arrest rates are affecting juveniles and if more bodies behind bars really are the answer for less crime.
Prisoners in portrayal of society are treated as outcast and are often forgotten- they need to be kept away from the society. It is vital to understand the purpose of prison and what they are trying to achieve and compare their actions to the re-offending rates as they are the perfect example to prove if the prison system works. However, studies about prisoners mainly focus on the effects prison has on them and how it affects society. There is luck of research actually looking at the prisoner experiences inside the prison and what issues they face. The Human Rights, including sexual abuse, are very common in US, and the number of victims inside the prison is dramatic.