Williams was a journalist and had met Henry Shelton Sanford. Williams listened to Sanford explain the contribution that Leopold was doing to improve Africa and the slave-trade. This interested Williams because he thought that the Congo could potentially be a place for African Americans to return to and make their home again. Once he got there he was shocked at how badly the African people were mistreated and how the Congo was nothing like Sanford had explained to him. “Instead of Leopold’s being the noble antislavery crusader he portrayed himself as, “Your Majesty’s Government is engaged in the slave-trade, wholesale and retail.” Williams produced a pamphlet called the Open Letter that he reported to the International Commission.
It shows that the European colonizers used the high ideals of colonization as a cover to allow them to collect whatever wealth they could from Africa. Unlike most novels, Heart of Darkness focus on the evils of colonialism, it also pays attention to the damage that colonization does to the souls of the white colonizers than it does to the black natives.
“Natural resources inspire the most unnatural greed”. Natural resources account for the primary reason that Europe deemed it necessary to lay claim to Africa. As Cesaire points out in his essay Discourse on Colonialism there were many surface excuses given by Europeans for traveling to Africa, like missionary work, extending the rule of law, and curing diseases. Cesaire argues, “no one colonizes innocently” (Cesaire 39). This statement holds especially true for the Belgian colonizers of The Congo.
This news stirred the many Europeans who were looking to abolish the slave trade. Leopold saw this as a way to get into Africa by setting up faux organizati... ... middle of paper ... ...ermore established imperial rule in the Congo. The Force Publique was Leopold’s governing army. They were to oversee the work of the now colonized people of the Congo. Another of Leopold’s objectives was to gain wealth from his acquired colony.
King Leopold II of Belium has the dishonourable reputation of being one of the most brutal and cruel rulers of the 19th century, for his actions done in Central Africa, mainly the Congo. There are arguments defending the actions claiming that hes actions furthered Congo, by modernizing and civilizing Congo. The counterarguments, and one which will be argued for this paper, is to show the fact that king Leopold II has committed rather unforgivable crimes against the people of Congo, this was done for his love of materialistic love for wealth from the ivory and rubber gathered through force labour. His actions in 22-year reign in Congo can be classified as too inhumane and unjustifiable. In order to effectively illustrate the argument, the essay will be divided into various parts for clarity and coherence purposes.
So when he does this he set up fake chair organizations which only help one to meet but still had and publish Literature but all which course actually from King Leopold and he commissions famous explorer Henry Morgan Stanley best known for finding doctor Livingstone. Stanley was the guy who actually explore Africa for King Leopold and mark out the territory for his organization which pretends not to be Belgium. This is an important powerful book which provides concise account of the abuses which have really held Africa backs for so long. The focus of the colony after a while became the Rubber trade so there we be basically a cowry labor system where people would be a force by the threat of destruction of their villages or suction of their children to me rubber codes. The problem with harvesting rubber is the vines near the village will gets exhausted will not
The tone and imagery show the outrageous practice of exploitation and savagery. Kurtz is a character who gives Marlow a purpose as he travels up the Congo has become a god-like figure among the tribe men. Kurtz’s ambition like any other Englishman is to brutalize and oppress the Africans in order to obtain as much ivory as possible. His determination to create and hold power not only cause him his sanity but also-and more importantly- eternal peace. Although Marlow’s attitude towards Kurtz actions change through...
The European imperialistic colonization in Africa was motivated by the desire to control the abundant natural resources an... ... middle of paper ... ... reasons. They wanted new land and the natural resources that can only be found in Africa, they wanted the new market opportunities that having colonies in Africa would open up to them, and the wanted to stay in competition with other European countries. The motives of the Europeans quickly deteriorated as they started exploiting the native Africans and abusing the slave trade that they had promised to abolish with the three C’s. The African people suffered a great deal as many of them were killed, harmed, or forced into slavery for the smallest civil unrest. The Europeans involved in the imperial take over lost their humanity as they started to treat fellow humans as though they were no more than cows lined up for slaughter.
There are many positive effects for the Europeans when they conquered Africa. However, some may argue that the negative effects outweigh the positives. The want to conquer Africa often led to violent conflict, this led to many battles, and wars, resulting in a lot of money, and men lost. Document 7 shows this when it... ... middle of paper ... ...vided the indigenous people with security of person, and property in land. This is shown in Document 4, when it states, “For all its faults, colonial government provided security of person and property in lands…” This turned what used to be a uncivilized place, into a place in which had many rules to help the citizens.
“‘I will give them my Congo,’ Leopold told Stinglhamber, ‘but they have no right to know what I did there.’”1 King Leopold’s Ghost is a historical analysis by Adam Hochschild, professor at Berkley, of Belgium’s King Leopold II’s orchestration of a private empire in the Congo at the end of the 1800s. During this particular time in history, the great political powers in the world set their eyes upon Africa as a prospect for exploration, annexation and exploitation. In King Leopold’s Ghost, Hochschild recounts the great human cost of Belgium’s imperial effort, and the willingness of the world to turn a blind eye to the blatant terrorization of a people. This book is an account of the atrocities which took place in the Congo at the bidding of King Leopold II, why they happened, why they did not stop, and most importantly why no one remembers what happened to those unfortunate peoples of the Congo as a result of imperialism and globalization. Hochschild begins this tale with the extraordinary geographical efforts of those men which the world credits the discovery and mapping of the African continent: Diogo Cao, Captain Tuckey, David Livingstone, Lieutenant Cameron, and Henry Morton Stanley.