Although Thomas Jefferson wrote the document, it expressed the desire of the heart of each colonist to be free of British rule. British rule over the colonies became unbearable in the early months of 1776, making it clear to the colonists that it was time to either give in to British power or declare their independence. This idea of independence divided the colonies, but it was not long before a revolutionary committee met in Philadelphia and drew up the document that would change American history. The Declaration of Independence was written to separate the American colonies from Britain, but there were many underlying goals. It was written to state the grievances that the colonists held against the British, particularly the king.
The purpose of the Resolution of independence by the united States was to formally state that the colonies were now their own states, and independent of the British rule. The authors of the Declaration had seen through both examinations of past events, and by reviewing the current events, that peace with Britain was unattainable. In the years before the Declaration had been written up, efforts at peace had been made by many famous writers, as well as smaller political groups amongst the colonies. Every time a petition for reform or reconciliation would be sent to the King, it was usually mocked by him, or ignored. At the end, the colonists realized that their only option was to become independent of Britain.
In return, that British did not impose many laws on the colonies. Sir Robert Walpole believed that British interference would alienate the colonies and eventually damage commerce with England. To ensure that this didn’t happen he laxly enforced trade regulations such as the Navigation Act. The policy of salutary neglect led the American colonies to gain independence and develop their own political institutions such as the legislative assemblies. Although the colonies based many of their institutions off of the English, between 1690-1750, the British policy of salutary neglect drove them to become increasingly independent.
Colonists were not yet ready to officially severe ties with their mother country. In fact, it took a while before people began to even contemplate the idea of declaring and fighting for independence. Even just a few years before the war began the idea of independence would have seemed inconceivable, despite the British Empire’s insistence on centralizing power over the colonies. Nonetheless, efforts at reconciliation were still being made. For example, this was seen with the Olive Branch Petition sent to King George, which the Second Continental Congress approved in a last ditch effort to refrain from engaging in total war.
By emigrating here to the new country colonists believed they had the right to enjoy all liberties and immunities of free and natural subjects (Burk, 92). They had argued that the King refused many times to accept that the colonists had their own liberties of free-born Englishmen (Burk, 92). However the colonies weren’t free from the British Empire until the third quarter of the 18th Century (Burk, 92). Due to colonies not being independent they had to share the “British Constitution,” referring to the structure of government, the way it conducted itself, and powers it held, which derived from traditional practices and revered documents, for example the Magna Carta of 1215 and the Bill of Righ... ... middle of paper ... ... Branch petition was given to the Secretary of State for America, Lord Dartmouth, who ignored the petition and thus no answer was received by the King (Burk, 157).
Another reason was that the British violated colonists’ rights by implementing the Proclamation of 1763. A third and final reason the colonies were correct in breaking away from Great Britain was that although the colonists were not represented in British Parliament, Great Britain still taxed them. The thirteen British colonies were absolutely justified in seceding from Great Britain because the British started to enforce laws after a long period of salutary neglect, they violated the colonists’ rights by passing the Proclamation of 1763, and the colonies were required to pay taxes even though they were not represented in Parliament. The first reason the colonies were justified in breaking away from the British was the discontinuation of salutary neglect. Salutary neglect was a policy the British used beginning around 1607 that allowed lenient enforcement of British laws in the thirteen colonies.
John Adams was a major advocator for small and local governments which spurned him to publish his pamphlet “Thoughts of Government.” “In ‘Thoughts of Government’ Adams wrote that the British Parliament was an empire constructed of laws and not men. This philosophy ran deep in American society and politics, eventually influencing the creation of the United States Bill of Rights (Laws, 2015).” Finally on June 7th, 1776, Adams agreed with other founding fathers that independence was the only option and he played a major role in advocating for its adoption amongst the
In my opinion, declaring independence was necessary, a point Richard H. Lee made when stating “It is not choice then, but necessity that calls for independence as the only means by which foreign Alliances can be obtained…” (Richard Lee, 1776) It was necessary because (1) patriots were too infected with the idea of liberty and self-governance, (2) they were dissatisfied with the king’s incompetency to fulfill the desire of the ruled, and (3) taxation without representation hindered them from getting involved in governance. These three factors are clearly stated and implied in the Declaration of Independence, Common Sense, and several primary sources. Out of the numerous issues that led to the American Revolution, taxation without representation – virtual representation: “each member represented the entire empire, no just his own district” - was a dominant one (Foner 177). For the crown, the 13 colonies were just fractions of the empire; thus virtual representation seemed pragmatic and taxation made lowering the accumulated debt possible. However, this is problematic on different levels because (1) colonists are systematically asked to pay off the debt the crown incurred during the Seven year
However, when thinking of basis on which King came to his conclusion, there is always a moral, more specifically, a Godly answer to the morality of law. Laws are guidelines on how one should civilly live and only laws in which break the moral civility humans need should be modified. These just laws always intend to help society even if there are specific justified circumstances in which they can be broken such as the Heinz dilemma. Therefore, King’s ideas on what makes a law just or unjust always maintain “human personality” and prevent the greed and power of humans from restricting the rights of
They were determined, as anyone in this situation would be, to free the American colonists of the tyranny and monarchy that had held the new country’s government on a leash. America wasn’t willing to play puppets with England any longer. True, they attempted many forms of negotiation with the mother-country, but England’s pride