The Importance Of Key Relationships Between Personnel And Its Management Through His Classical Theory On Management

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The term Management is defined through the synthesised functions of creating a corporate policy, organising, planning, controlling and directing an organisations resources in order to achieve the objectives of that organisation. Henri Fayol expressed the importance of key relationships between personnel and its management through his classical theory. Fayol’s theory outlines five functions of management; forecasting and planning, organising, commanding, co-ordinating and controlling. Fayol focuses on the role of senior managers unlike the ideas proposed by Taylor for example (another classical theorist), which emphasises rationality and lack of human aspects of organisations. This essay will critically discuss Fayols classical theory through comparisons with other viewpoints such as a Humanist and an Empirical theory on management. Henry Fayol was a French mining engineer, upon the start of his career the financial health of the mining combine he worked for was poor however he was appointed director and soon after became managing director where he oversaw a complete turnaround for the companies financial position. Fayols successes as managing director lead to his interest regarding issues within management and contribute to the rationale behind his theory. Fayol considered the numerous components of managing and developed fourteen principles of management, which go hand in hand with the five functions. The fourteen principles in essence consisted of division of labour, authority, centralisation, unity of command, order, equity and so on. Fayols theory is still very much relevant in the modern world of management with his original five elements being further developed into the classical management formula ‘POSDCORB’: Planning, or... ... middle of paper ... ...uman relations who instead pushes for the importance of improving workers skills and methods. Morgen Witzel notes that Taylors approach to management has been widely criticised as “dehumanising and deskilling” which could be due to the theories implied expectations of workers to behave as though they are machines. The rationale behind Taylors mechanical thinking could be due to his experience as an engineer, his experience is limited to this particular sector thus his theory being limited to a factory setting. Whilst the Classical approaches to management are largely efficient they ignore the psychological and human dimensions, which must be taken into account when managing. Fayols theory can be largely critiqued through the Humanist theory proposed by McGregor, which is concerned with the individual, and satisfying individual physiological and psychological needs.

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