The Importance Of Addiction In Adolescence

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The conversation concerning development continues with addiction in adolescence. Childhood is characterized as an individual between 4 to 11 years of age. The developmental period that is defined in this essay as adolescence is between the ages of 12 to 18. This age bracket is associated with major developmental milestones including cognitive and physical advances. ((Broderick, P. C., & Blewitt, P. 2015) Physical changes that this age group experiences include body shape, mood swings, and social issues. This is also a period of their development where social identity is forming as the child begins to break away from the parental control and explore their world and construct their own belief system. Often children begin to change social…show more content…
(Principles of Adolescent Substance, 2015) Multiple exposures to abusive patterns can lead an individual desiring an escape from their current state of discomfort to an alternate reality free of pain. Addiction is a continued pattern of negative behavior such as gambling or drug abuse. This process begins with experimentation and after continued exposure transitions to addiction. It can occur from an initial experience, but most often develops over a period time. Addiction tends to run in families, but scientists are finding that there is no simple 'addictive personality'. Instead, factors that include genes, character traits and early life experiences combine to make the inheritance of addiction a complicated problem. Owens (2015). The dangers of addiction during this period of life is tremendous. Drugs can have long-lasting effects on the developing brain and may interfere with family, positive peer relationships, and school performance. (Principles of Adolescent Substance, 2015) During the process of addiction the release of dopamine and synaptic response to the foreign stimuli can cause the body to crave and believe that this substance is needed for normal body functioning. Drugs of abuse have a multitude of molecular targets in the nervous system, with ethanol being the most promiscuous. These targets include receptors for neurotransmitters and neuromodulators, as well as various channels and transporters. (Everett, 2013) The effects of a drug addiction can alter a person socially, emotionally, and even on the molecular level. Should a young person engage in such behavior inpatient/outpatient treatment and counseling is strongly recommended before permanent damage or even worst death
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