The Impact of Fluency Tutor on Student Reading Scores

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The educational sector has reached a pivotal crossroads. Educational legislation and federally funded initiatives enacted by the current and previous Presidential Administrations, such as the Race to the Top and No Child Left Behind, have placed significant focus, in not only attention and scrutiny, but also in resources, on the advancement of educational attainment levels across the nation. The push for common educational standards has reinvigorated the interest of the general public in education in a way that has been unparalleled in recent history. This is an era for unprecedented reorganization, reform and, optimistically, advancement for American public education. At the center of the current educational debate is the adoption and implementation of the Common Core State Standards (CCSS), currently approved in forty-four states and the District of Columbia (Common Core State Standards Initiative, 2014). The CCSS are standardized learning goals that are specific to each grade level, designed to set clear expectations for students, teachers, and parents that are robust and relevant to the skills needed in the real world (Common Core State Standards Initiative, 2014). These standards have been designed intentionally to “articulate a vision of what it means to be ‘a literate person in the twenty first century (Gambrell, Malloy, & Mazzoni, 2011, p. 15).” The CCSS for English Language Arts & Literacy are intended to ensure all students college and career ready in literacy at the completion of high school, requiring all students to read and comprehend complex literary and informational texts independently and proficiently (Common Core State Standards Initiative, 2010). This is the future of classroom instruction for the State o... ... middle of paper ... ...y Instruction (4th ed.). New York: Guilford Press. National Association for the Education of Young Children. Learning to Read and Write: Developmentally Appropriate Practices for Young Children. A joint position statement of the International Reading Association (IRA) and the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC). Young Children 53 (4): 30-46, 1998. Rasinski, T. (2010). Assessing reading fluency. Educational service material, Product # ES0414. Honolulu, HI: Pacific resources for educational and learning. Retrieved from http://www.prel. org/products/re_/assessing-fluency.htm. Texthelp. (2012). Fluency tutor: Guidelines for developing fluency. Retrieved from http://www.texthelp.com/media/97431/fluency_tutor_guidelines.pdf Wolf, M., & Katzir-Cohen, T. (2001). Reading fluency and its intervention. Scientific Studies of Reading, 5, 211–239.
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