During the trade-wind season traveling up and down the chain of islands was easy (Kirch 1984: 219). Despite the lost coral islets and atolls, the islands have extremely fertile soil. However, certain conditions do affect development. The islands are small with fixed boundaries and are occupied by tens of thousands of people. Irrigation is not possible, limiting their agricultural capabilities to dryland field systems.
This makes sense for the reason we have poverty is because there are people without food and shelter. This connects to the lack of vegetation for with desertification the food and materials needed cannot grow to make a successful civilization. Looking at what causes desertification we can at least attempt to reverse the results. Desertification is caused by human error by globalizing prematurely. Dry lands is a previous stage into what can develop the atrocity of desertification.
While land nearer to the rivers was fertile and therefore, better for sustained crops, the portions of land farther from the water were arid and largely uninhabitable. For the Egyptians, Egypt was separated from its neighbors and potential invading armies by the deserts. The main importance is the Egyptians relationship with the Nile River; to them, the Nile was the “giver of life”. The ancient Egyptians lived and farmed along the Nile to use the soil for food production. In essence, without the Nile, ancient Egypt may not have existed.
Even though Babylonians could not predict the rivers, it was still a benefit to the area. Like the Egyptians, the people used the rivers as transportation of goods and food, perfect for selling and trading; it was also a good source of communication. Another very negative aspect of Mesopotamia’s geography was their lack of mountains. This made the country very unsecure and prone to attack. The only positive geographical aspect of the land was the hills.
The lack of rain was another big issue during this time, some farmers would argue that it was the root cause for everything. No rain meant farmers could not make a profit, or obtain food and everything just rooted and expanded onto this problem. It does show that nature played a role into the dustbowl, but it was no the main reason for it. The over farming for crops, the bad management of those crops made it for what it was, for a long time. It was as if a hole was dug, and it was becoming bigger by every year with no one knowing how to fix the hole.
But the current rural scene is not yet a century old. Although Tulare Township residents had long recognized the need for irrigation, irrigation on a mass scale came late to the district. The reasons for the delay—politics, geography, technology, and economics—tell, in microcosm, the San Joaquín Valley irrigation story. It did not take long for California’s small farmers to realize that dry farming, which depended on winter and spring rains, was not trustworthy. The first two decades of California’s Wheat Bonanza era—the 1860s and 1870s—saw wide variation in crop yields as the state alternated between drought and “normal rainfall” years.
Pastoral society does not afford as much time for leisure as does the post-industrial society. This society does not have the technologies that post-industrial societies have to guard against food shortage. The pastorals are nomadic, and sometimes endure harsh and even dangerous environments in their journeys. Medical technology is also low, so physical pain and death are more common than in post-industrial society. Pastoral societies tended to develop in arid regions where there was insufficient rainfall to raise crops on the land.
However, other studies indicate that there is still skepticism around the use of the meteorology due to the lack of usage can be linked to different individuals’ different experiences prior to this technological system, lack of trust or knowledge. In most instances, most rural household demonstrate an understanding of ecosystem and complex ecological landscapes which they utilize to generate their indigenous knowledge systems that inform and develop traditional farming systems (Mogotsi et al. 2011). Like Mungoshi (1975) insinuates, elderly people are very observant of their surroundings even though we currently use technology, it doesn’t mean that they don’t make their own observations. Communities have generated climate related knowledge
All crops require a specific range of temperature, moisture, soil ands drainage conditions and these factors can be modified by the farmer but only to a limited degree. If we accept that a farmers choice of land usage is controlled by the physical environment, we must identify the optimum conditions and limits to production of any one crop . This will help to identify the spatial pattern of environmental controls. This was central to the ideas explored by McCarty and Lindberg in the Mid West of the USA and gave rise to the Optima Limits Model in 1966. Away from the optimum physical conditions become hostile and production/ yields decline.
Egypt was very isolated because it had desert on both sides, the Sahara desert was very hard for people to make it across because there was no water source, which in return allowed the Egyptian people to focus less on people invading and more on their civilization. Egyptian people learned how to work with the river, the rich soil from flooding allowed them to grow wheat, beans, barley, and cotton. They eventually learned how to use animals for what they needed which helped speed up the