Today I will be talking about the empire known as Apple. Where it originated, how far its come, the trials, and tribulations about this brilliant company. The story begins in 1976 when there were no home computers, Steve Wozniak, a brilliant engineer, created his own home computer that connected to his T.V. His friend Steve Jobs was too interested in the computer science realm and together on April 1st , 1976 they founded Apple Computer Co. Wozniak then went on to re-design his first idea into what is called the Apple II which became extremely popular due to its faster processing capabilities and its color screen. Steve Jobs went off to find investors, one of the major investors was Mike Markkula and finally with enough money they became big enough to mass produce the VisiCalc for Apple II which was the largest computer company in the early 80s.
In this essay I will introduce a short history of the raise of the Apple Computer a company which exist to the present time, and produces personal computers and other electronic equipment such as very popular portable music players. The company started in the early 80s, when a couple of computer fascinated friends decided to create a new model in personal computing. Steven Wozniak and Steve Jobs, high school friends, at first worked for different companies; Wozniak for Atari and Jobs for HP. They decided to combine their knowledge and their dreams and create a new type of user friendly personal computer accessible for ordinary people. That is how the based on first model of Apple I was born.
Why? Well the story is pretty simple, and it goes back to the 80's with a young man called Bill Gates. Bill Gates had made a deal with Apple where his company, Microsoft, would create programs for Apple's new OS. However when Bill Gates got his hand on their operating system he reversed engineered it (which basically means opening it up and seeing what's inside), named it Windows, and released it to the public before Apple even found out. This was how it all started and even though he released it first and his product was completely full of bugs, he was the one considered a genius and, thanks to Apple, he is now a multimillionaire.
Apple is a leader in research, development, manufacturing and marketing computers for consumers, businesses, educational and government institutions. The company’s financial success can be attributed to their innovative products and marketing techniques that stress the importance that computers should "just work". During the last thirty-two years Apple has had its share of ups and downs, this essay will focus on major events from the company’s history, current events and their most significant products. ←Thesis goes here → History The company started April 1, 1976 with Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak. Charismatic Jobs persuaded Wozniak to build computers for resale that Wozniak originally designed as a hobby for personal use.
Ed Roberts used a microprocessor (8080), to launch Altair, a chip that he got from Intel, the creator of chips, chips that they saw as useful only for calculators and traffic lights, but Ed Robert’s saw more. Microprocessor was a technological breakthrough that made personal computer possible, without it, the first personal computer would have never existed. Altair did basic computing, but it was a pain to use. Keying in data and instructions strenuously by flipping switches, that was really all that the Altair could do. So, those who had interest in technology decided to form a club called the “Homebrew Computer Club” at Stanford University in Silicon Valley , mainly to talk about computer, and how they could improve it.
After all that we have accomplished from the invention of the computer, it is no wonder that we as a society see no end to the future in developing more sophisticated programming for the computer. Some people think that one day we all will have a computer chip under our skin for people to recognize us. I am not sure if that kind of idea would be a good one, but just imagine if they are one day able to do that then there is no telling what the future holds for us.
Recently, Mac switched its central processing unit (CPU) to Intel creating a new competitive platform between the Macs and the PCs. Since the processors are now the same, the argument is: Macs are better than PCs as they can run their own operating system OS X as well as Microsoft’s operating systems XP & Vista therefore everyone should buy Macs. Mac The first Mac called Apple I was released in 1976. Following the Apple I came the Apple II in 1977 and then additional models. The Apple computers delivered Character User Interface (CUI) but began to introduce innovations from the Apple II+ (1979).
Apple is now a company that is being used daily worldwide. Steve Jobs is a revolutionary because he changed the way America views their technology. Steve Jobs and his friend Wozniak started to create their very first computer, and it came out a lot better than what they thought it was going to be. With very little education, the first computer that came out was extraordinary. “It was the first single-board computer with built-in circuitry allowing for direct video interface, along with a central ROM, which allowed it to load programs from an external source” (“Steve P. Jobs”).
 The Apple II was introduced on April 16, 1977 at the first West Coast Computer Faire. It differed from its major rivals, the TRS-80 and Commodore PET, because it came with color graphics and an open architecture. While early models used ordinary cassette tapes as storage devices, this was quickly superseded by the introduction of a 5 1/4 inch floppy disk drive and interface, the Disk II. Another key to business for Apple was software. The Apple II was chosen by programmers Dan Bricklin and Bob Frankston to be the desktop platform for the first "killer app" of the business worldthe VisiCalc spreadsheet program.
Then in 1974 the 8080 became the brains of the first personal computer--the Altair, allegedly named for a destination of the Starship Enterprise from the StarTrek television show. Computer hobbyists could purchase a kit for the Altair for $395. Within months, it sold tens of thousands, creating the first PC back orders in history. In 1989 the 486TM generation really meant you go from a command-level computer into point-and-click computing. I could have a color computer for the first time and do desktop publishing at a significant speed," recalls technology historian David K.Allison of the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History.