preview

The History of Chemistry

Good Essays
History of Chemistry
Chemistry has been around for a various amount of years. The beginning of chemistry was first acknowledged in 10,000 BC. The ancient civilizations used technologies that came to become the makeup of the many branches of chemistry. These early civilizations would extract metal from ores, make pottery and glazes, beer and wine fermentation, extraction of chemicals from plants for medicine, making fat into soap, making glass, and many chemistry related tasks were done. Alchemists set the stage for modern chemistry by performing experiments and recording the results. Robert Boyle wrote The Sceptical Chymist in 1661, and in this book it he talks about the difference between chemistry and alchemy. Although was not the original discover of chemistry, he is best known for Boyle’s law in 1662. Antoine Lavoisier helped chemistry become a full-fledged science when he a law of conservation of mass. The law of conservation of mass relates to chemistry because it requires a careful measurements and quantitative observations. Later, Jan Baptist Van Helmont suggested that there are other substances other than air and gave them the name “gas.” Gas originated from the Greek word “chaos,” and was soon used commonly amongst scientist. Van Helmont conducted several experiments involving gases. He is mostly remembered today for his ideas on spontaneous generation, his five year tree experiment, and also being considered the founder of pneumatic chemistry. In 1702 Georg Stahl came up with the name phlogiston to refer to the substance released in the process of burning. In 1735 Georg Brandt analyzed a dark blue pigment found in copper ore. He demonstrated that the pigment that he had found contained a new element. Brandt had discove...

... middle of paper ...

...e Molecule, which discussed that a chemical bond is a pair of electrons shared by two atoms. Lewis was the one to introduce the electron dot diagrams, Lewis structure. Lewis structures can be found in almost every introductory chemistry book. Chemistry has long past to it, and has an even larger future ahead of it. Before chemistry there were so many questions amongst people about how things worked and why things were certain ways. The natural resources that surrounded everybody was definitely a great foundation and start for early chemistry discovery. Chemistry is something that is used every day. We use chemistry for making medicines, food, and many other tasks. I do think that chemistry will have a large impact on our future because it already has had such a large impact on oour past, and now that we have stemmed off others findings we can make them more advanced
Get Access