The year prior to the blight, 15 million tons of potatoes were produced. In 1845, the blight cut that total to 10 million and in 1846, yields fell even more, so that only two million acres produced less than three million tons of edible potatoes. In 1847 only over a quarter of a million acres was sown, so only about two mil... ... middle of paper ... ...over six countries in Northern Ireland. An era of violence and terror had finally ended in Ireland (Connolly). One hundred and fifty years after the famine, one can still see the effect of the famine in the world, in the number of Irish immigrants spread throughout, the treeless landscape of Ireland, the broken down home structures found along the countryside of Ireland, and the emergence of two countries: Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland.
In the early 1800s life in Ireland wasn’t easy, Irish citizens got by day to day by farming and relying on the potato. The potato was their main source of food and money. With out the potato the Irish would have nothing. No one was prepared for what was about to happen in 1845, the beginning of the Great Irish Potato Famine. The Irish Potato Famine was the worst tragedy in the history of Ireland.
The Irish Potato Famine was a period of starvation, disease and emigration, and was known as one of the biggest tragedies from 1845 to 1847. Many people depended on potato crops to survive; however [comma] the potato crops acquired blight, a disease that caused the potatoes to rot while still in the ground. No good crops could be grown for two years [comma] causing Irish tenant farmers unable to pay rent and was forced off their land causing over 21,000 people to die of starvation. The Irish Potato Famine caused many people to leave Ireland to seek work overseas in areas such as England and America. The Irish Potato Famine had a big impact on the history and the economy of Ireland.
The great potato famine was a period of great starvation, disease and emigration in Ireland between 1845 and 1852 which made the Irish population dropped my 25 percent. The potato famine started in September 1845. It was so bad it killed over millions of men children and women... The leaves on potato plants turned black and curled and then rotted and there was a fog over the fields a crossed Ireland. This fungus named “phytophthora infestans” caused the potato leaves to turn black and curl up.
Those farmers who survived the Phytophthora Infestins were able to buy land back from the land lords under the Encumbered Act of 1849 (Johnston). A non-violent peasant revolution occurred as the number of farms over 15 acres increased from 19 percent from 1841 to 51 percent in 1851 (Johnston). In conclusion, this potato affecting disease, Phytophthora Infestins, resulted in killing over a million people in Ireland. In the time, the Irish relied heavily upon the potato crop. This devastating even greatly impacted the people through starvation, migration, and loss of land.
Also it was the main food source for a majority of the people. When the Phytophthera infestans attacked the potatoes it caused a great crisis. One of the crisis’s that the P. infestans caused was the potato blight. This led to the starvation of more than a mil... ... middle of paper ... ...ine month period in the year of 1847 where the Irish exported grain-derived alcohol to England. They exported 874,170 gallons of Porter, 278,658 gallons of Guinness, and 183,392 gallons of Whiskey.
This meant that potatoes then rotted and became inedible. The potato is the staple food of the Irish peoples’ diet, consumed with every meal. It had been known in the past that when potato crops had failed, the farmers it affected and their families would starve to death. Due to Ireland’s status as an agricultural nation, the famine hit them especially hard. Only around a quarter of the population can read or write and the life expectancy is around 40.
With little money, families began to migrate because they could no longer provide in the failing Ireland economy. In the 1800's nearly 1/3 of Ireland's population had been dependent on potatoes. The potato was a very nutritious and easily produced crop that could survive in very poor soil. The potato also had a very high yield in a little area of land and the cost was very low, this was why the potato was one of the greate... ... middle of paper ... ...y a majority of the cost with little aid from England. The English essentially made the Irish a territory not an equal who would have to save itself from the famine brought by the trading ships from Mexico.
Between 1846 and 1850, the population of Ireland dropped by 2 million which represented 25% of the total population (The Great Famine of 1845, 2013). It cut the population almost in half. Pre-Columbian farmers discovered the potato about 7,000 years ago in the Andes Mountains (Potato History, 2014). They were the first ones to harvest the potato. The leaves of a potato are actually poisonous.
To provide for themselves in these settlements, most of the people farmed the land because that was what they knew how to do. The primary cause of this famine was a fungus-like protist called Phytophtera infestans that attacked Ireland’s potato crop, causing them to rot. Unfortunately, the people of Ireland were heavily dependent on potatoes, not only as a main source of nutrition, but also as a main source of income and export. Ireland’s land consolidation, agricultural laws, and their relationship with England did not help the people with this problem. The Great Potato Famine in Ireland was a terrible event in history that changed the lives of millions of people.