The Gospel According to St. John was written during the first century AD in Asian Minor. The author of the book cannot be definitively proven according to the Zinderfan Pictorial Bible Dictionary but there is strong evidence that the author was John the apostle. The author had an intimate knowledge of Jewish traditions and the geography of Palestine. The gospel goes into many explanations of these things because its intended audience was gentiles. It is unlikely a gentile would have had the knowledge to give the background information that the author presents. The writer of the gospel identifies himself as the "disciple who Jesus loved." In the gospel most of the disciples were mentioned by name and so can be eliminated as the author of the gospel. Those not mentioned included Mathew, James the less, Simon the Zealot, James, and John.
James the less and Simon the Zealot were minor disciples and therefore not even in the running as the "disciple who Jesus loved." Mathew is associated with another gospel, which reads differently enough from the Gospel According to John to exclude him as the author. James and John are then the most likely candidates. James early death almost certainly proves that John was the author of The Gospel According to St John.
Unger's Bible Dictionary gives a detailed background on John.
John was the son of Zebedee. Little is mentioned about his father's devotion to faith. John's mother, Salome, was presumably a devoted follower of Christ as she was present at the crucifixion (Mark 15:40). It is reasonable to assume that John was raised in a religious home. He was also likely to have been well educated as evidence suggests his family was financially comfortable. John and his brother James were fishermen. T...
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... to hear all the miracles Jesus performed and all the times he and other people claimed he was the Christ, and not believe.
I also was very excited by how much love Jesus showed for the Gentiles. There seems, in some circles, to be a view that the Jews are and have always been God's favorite people. This is shown again and again in the Old Testament when the Jews won battles against or took land from people of other nations. It is sometimes easy to forget, when reading the Old Testament, that God loves all of his children. His love for both Jew and Gentile in the Gospel According to John gives a new and more loving perspective to God. It contrasts somewhat with the harshness of God to non-Jews in the Old Testament. It gives a clear picture, for the first time, of God's love for all his children. It has been a pleasure and a testimony enhancing experience to read it.
Furthermore, Jesus says that those who do not hate their mothers and fathers cannot be disciples of him (Thomas 42:25-27). Likewise, in Luke, Jesus says that whomever comes to him and does not hate their family and life itself cannot be a disciple of his (Luke 14:26). In similar fashion, the gospel of Matthew recalls that Jesus said whoever loves their father, mother, son or daughter more than him is not worthy of him (Matthew 10:37). As discussed before, the language of each gospel is vastly different. While this is true, the message of each has the same point, Jesus wants to be the most loved by his disciples, even if that means that his followers hate their own families and lives. Again, it can be concluded that Jesus of Nazareth made this statement, as he felt his followers should love him most and have unwavering faith in him. If they did this, then they one could be granted access into the
same as Mark. In conclusion, there is no actual evidence that Mark wrote the gospel or he even existed in the article,
The Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John are the origin of nearly everything the Christian Church teaches about Jesus. The Gospels, in turn, serve as the scale or test of truth and authenticity of everything the church teaches about Jesus. It is said that the Gospels are the link between Jesus of Nazareth and the people of every age throughout history who have claimed to be his followers. Although the Gospels teach us about Jesus’ life they may not provide concrete evidence that what they speak of is true there are several other sources.
The human author, John, was likely to be a pastor or evangelist who built churches in the Mediterranean world. John the apostle, son of Zebedee, one of the twelve was extremely passionate for Christ and was writing a letter to a church who needed to hear God’s truth. Though we are not sure which church it was specifically, we can be confident that this letter was to teach the believers about Jesus, God’s commandments, and love. Fortunately, this letter can also be applied to our own daily lives.
The author of the book of James, Iakobos in the Greek, does not identify himself clearly. This leaves the task of sorting through the facts known to deductively decide the author of the book of James. There are four probable James in the New Testament. One James is James the son of Zebedee. This James was a brother to John and also one of the twelve apostles of Jesus Christ. A second James is James the son of Alphaeus. Also an apostle, James the Son of Alphaeus, was mentioned only in the list of the apostles. Some equate this James with 'James the younger' in Mark 15:40 while others consider James the younger a separate man. A third is James the Father of Judas. This is not Judas Iscariot. This James is named as one of the twelve apostles in Luke 6:16. The fourth is James the Lord's brother. While Jesus was involved in his earthly ministry his brothers, including James, were not believers, but after Jesus death James quickly rose into prominent position in the Jerusalem church (Moo19-20; Lea519-520).
John's purpose for writing the Gospel of John is given to us in John 20: 30 - 31: " And many other signs truly did Jesus in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book: But these are written that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name. The sign miracles that John writes about are turning water into wine, curing the nobleman's son, curing the lame man, feeding the multitude, walking on water, giving sight to the blind, bringing Lazarus back from the dead, and the miraculous catch of fishes.
The Gospel of John, the last of the four gospels in the Bible, is a radical departure from the simple style of the synoptic gospels. It is the only one that does not use parables as a way of showing how Jesus taught, and is the only account of several events, including the raising of Lazarus and Jesus turning water into wine. While essentially the gospel is written anonymously, many scholars believe that it was written by the apostle John sometime between the years 85 and 95 CE in Ephesus. The basic story is that of a testimonial of one of the Apostles and his version of Jesus' ministry. It begins by telling of the divine origins of the birth of Jesus, then goes on to prove that He is the Son of God because of the miracles he performs and finally describes Jesus' death and resurrection.
In the Synoptic accounts, Jesus has an inner circle of Peter, James, and John. These three disciples often accompany him during more intimate moments of healing and resurrection, and are often major characters in his lessons to the disciples. John seems to highlight the stories of Philip, Nathanial, and Thomas more so than the other three. That being said, these three siblings from Bethany seem to almost replace Peter, James, and John from the Synoptics. While those other gospel accounts focus on those who walked with Jesus, John places an emphasis on those whom he visits (describing them as his closest friends). This makes sense when we consider that the Johannine community would have been writing this account in AD 90 – they themselves were not able to walk with Jesus. Their decision to remove emphasis on the more popular disciples is intentional; it makes the story more relevant for their own
As we read John, we see that the stories center around the concept of belief. In the second chapter of John, we are told of the miracle that Jesus did at a wedding: turning water into wine. This miracle was told so that we may believe. “Jesus did this, the first of his signs, in Cana of Galilee, and revealed his glory; and his disciples believed in him” (John 2:11). Through these miracles we are able to see signs of Jesus’s power and glory and how God’s presence is in him, leading many to believe in him. After this, Jesus went to Capernum, then Jerusalem to the temple, where he found people selling things
John was one of the first twelve disciples of Jesus and therefore an eye-witness (John 19:35); John brings out the spiritual significance as well as recording the practical aspects of Jesus' works and words. John lived to be older than any of the other writers. It is therefore likely that he was familiar with their accounts and wanted to supplement theirs with additional teaching and miracles by Jesus which had a bearing on the situation towards the end of the first century AD.
Traditionally, John the apostle, the son of Zebedee, is seen as the author of Revelation. He is clearly a well-known and recognized teacher in the church of Western Asia Minor, part of the reason he could address such a letter of significance to these churches. Another possible author, John of Patmos, is supposed by some critics because of the drastic stylistic difference between the four NT books (John, 1, 2, and 3 John) and the book of Revelation. John in Revelation promotes himself as a recorder of this apocalypse, not necessarily as the “apostle that Jesus loved”, causing some to affirm John of Patmos as the author. The third author, suggested by some, is another “John” altogether, possibly a high ranking member or elder of the early
St. John the Evangelist is mostly known for writing a fourth Gospel. If you would ask any person to list his challenges almost everybody would tell you that he wrote a gospel. It is believed that he wrote a Gospel at the year of 96, after the death of Domitian. His object in writing it he tells us himself: “These things are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that, believing, you may have life in His name.” In order to write a Gospel you have to be truly involved in holy life by yourself. St. John went threw Jesus’ teachings and he opened himself to Jesus. All of his life he spent by expressing love to others and by implementing Jesus principles. Thus before writing a Gospel, St. John experienced it all on himself. He also wrote three epistles. The first is called catholic, as addressed to all Christians, especially his converts. The other two are short, and directed to particular persons, to Gaius and to local church.
The four gospels are detailed accounts of the life and ministry of Jesus Christ. Each portrays a unique story and angle of Jesus, who is the savior of the Jews and the world. Apostle Matthew’s writings are to prove to the Jews that Jesus is their Messiah. Mark stressed the humanity of Jesus and also his deity. Luke wanted to show that the gentile Christian in God’s kingdom is based on the teachings of Jesus. John speaks of Jesus as one sent from God to reveal His love and grace to man. The four gospels work together to elaborate on the several key themes; salvation, spreading His word, and the fulfillment of Jesus’ promise.
The known world was impacted by the spreading of the Gospel of Jesus Christ, which was done by the first century church with great passion. These early followers of Christ set the world on fire, by relaying the Good news of Jesus Christ, first to the nation of Israel then to the gentile world. The Bible tells us that the Apostle Peter was commissioned to bring the announcement of Christ’s death and resurrection to his Jewish brethren, whereas, the Apostle Paul was chosen by Christ to bring the Gospel message of salvation to the gentile world. The early works of the church are recorded in a series of letters that have become known as the scriptures of the New Testament.
“Although 1 John had its origins during a period of false teaching, the author’s main purpose is not to confront heresy, but to reassure those who remain that they do indeed know the truth about Jesus, and consequently do have eternal life.” 1 John was written to reassure believers to keep the faith and continue to hold the values that they have, through a time when a schism was taking place within the church. The believers were living in a confusing time and according to Thompson “The turmoil within their congregation undoubtedly caused many to question their own faith and practice, and to wonder whether they were also guilty of or prone to the failings of the departed dissidents.”