The European World Changed Forever

1666 Words7 Pages
The European world changed forever on June 23rd. The United Kingdom voted to leave the European Union, and it passed. The 52 to 48 percent vote started a never before seen process that is surely going to have international implications and reactions. Throughout our course we have studied a couple of ideologies surrounding international politics. Through the lens of the realist and liberalist approach we have looked at previous issues to learn their respective teachings. Now I am asked to applying these teachings to a real world event happening as we speak. This essay will start by outlining the differences between the two schools of though on the “Brexit” (BBC). It will then evaluate the strengths and limitations in dealing the Brexit. Lastly I will offer an explanation from both standpoints as to why this majority decision was made. It was valuable to keep in that this event was not sporadic but rather the long term manifestation of discontent with the EU’s system by Great Britain. Before diving directly into the key differences between realist and liberalist approaches to Brexit I feel it is imperative to have a short explanation of the two theories. Realism is an approach that sees world politics as a never ending struggle of states seeking power. The neo-classical view on realism sees everything stemming from human nature and revolving around the structure of the anarchic state system. In other words, it is human nature to have conflicts between states because there is no supreme authority that all states are subject to. Liberalism on the other hand is the rejection of power politics international cooperation and mutual benefit leads to interdependence. Interdependence makes armed conflict between democracies unthinkable a... ... middle of paper ... ...he realist and liberalist approaches to he Brexit it’s clear to see they both depend on what the UK’s government is looking to do. It’s either power politics or status quo politics. It’s clear to see that the British people wanted a change, a change that could only occur if the international power status of the UK changed as well. Staying or leaving had its strengths and limitations just as any plan. To leave granted the UK more autonomy over their country’s business and immigration. However leaving would reduce the credit rating, the pound, and make other countries hesitant of the UK’s next move. With borrowing more expensive, the currency worth less, and the international arena wondering what is next is a great pressure on the UK. However the realists prepare for these implications and I am sure they concluded that the strengths outweighed the weaknesses.
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