Caitlin Lent 17 May 2014 Global Studies II Mr. Bernardi Long Live Chairman Mao? Mao Zedong’s Failures as a Chinese Communist Leader When Chinese Communist Party Chairman Mao Zedong first rose to power at the start of the Chinese Civil War, major change was on the horizon for Nationalist China. With rising inflation and civil instability at the hands of corrupt government leaders, the time had come for the Communists to take the helm in China. Mao branded this as a chance to use communist ideals to promote economic development. He believed that he could bring China to an economic level on par with its industrialized neighbors at a rapid pace, gaining him a huge following.
This would reveal that early efforts were futile for a strong nationalist party in China. Sun would later then ally with the Soviets and model his government model after theirs. In said committee, the CCP (Or Chinese Communist Party) was greatly outnumbered. Thus they gave in to nationalist idealism: “ it [the CCP] numbered more than 300 members in 1922, only 1,... ... middle of paper ... ...to their fascist movement. They used more violent tactics and took advantage of the commoners to run an effective fascist country.
More murderous than Hitler, more powerful than Stalin, in the battle of the Communist leaders Mao Zedong trumps all. Born into a comfortable peasant family, Mao would rise up to become China’s great leader. After leading the communists away from Kuomintang rule, he set out to modernize China, but the results of this audacious move were horrific. He rebounded from his failures time and again, and used his influence to eliminate his enemies and to purge China of its old ways. Mao saw a brighter future for China, but it was not within his grasp; his Cultural Revolution was not as successful as he had wanted it to be.
The Communist using of the Kuomintang army soon captured the important cities in the Yangtze valley and set up a new national capital at Hankow. Chiang and the non Communist forces meanwhile captured Nanking and the rich seaport of Shanghai. This was benefit for both Communists and Nationalists in the Long term. 1927 was a bad year for the Chinese Communists. Their influence in the Kuomintang was destroyed and when Chiang turned on them the Communist dominated the government they had set up at Hankow during when the Northern Expedition collapsed.
Upon seizing power, Mao began to rebuild China, a country devastated by both a Civil War and the Second World War. Mao’s first major policy was The Great Leap Forward, which forced both collective farming and rapid industrialization. Mao’s second major policy was the Cultural Revolution, which sought to promote communism within China and remove any foreign ideological influence. Both policies were horribly unsuccessful,... ... middle of paper ... ... 2014. Thibodeau, Patrick.
Chiang Kai-shek then went on to attack the communists in Shanghai 1927. This split between the communists and the nationalists led to the Chinese Civil War. The Chinese Civil War (1927-37 & 1946-49) was fought between the Communist Party of China (CCP) and the Republic of China led by the Kuomintang (KMT). The Civil War was won by the CCP because of their strengths and successes under the leadership of Mao, such as the supporting of 3 million peasants in Jiangxi, and the mistakes and weaknesses of the KMT, in particular Chiang Kai-shek’s lacking leadership skills. The decisive outcome of the Civil War was leadership between the KMT and the CCP.
The Revolution that Changed the Chinese Society As it’s known around the world, Chinese political system is Communism. Some may say that communism is good and bad. Well it all began when Mao Zedong came into power, his ideas influenced Chinese people and how the true way of living is. The introduction of communism into China changed how people perceived each other. One of his first ideas was “The Great Leap Forward,” which a lot of historians considered as a failure because its initial goals were never met.
Many of the reformist and traditionalist came into conflict with each other. One such conflict which is still known as one of the bloodiest wars was the taiping rebellion. The leader of the rebellion was Hong Xiuquan a Chinese religious leader. The reformers slowly gained their goals as the Chinese monarchy was overthrown after the disasters Sino-Japanese war and the Boxer rebellion. The Japanese... ... middle of paper ... ...orms to transform his country into a modern secular country.
In 1949 the Chinese Communist Party (CPP) beat the Kuomintang (KMT) in the Chinese Civil War becoming the reigning regime in China. The new communist leadership drastically changed China’s future. Today the CCP remains in power in China, shaping every aspect of Chinese society. Academics like Chalmers Johnson argue that the CCP’s ability to mobilize Chinese peasants ultimately led to the CCP’s victory. This paper will supplement Johnson’s argument by examining how KMT economic, military, and ideological missteps led to the CCP’s victory.
Although they were many short term events that brought about the revolution in 1911 such as nationalising the railways, leaving Pu Yi as Emperor of China and then using Yuan Shikai to crush the local rebellions. Sun Yatsen and the Nationalists was another short term influence in the transformation in China in the early twentieth century as Sun Yatsen formed the Guomindang in Tokyo 1905 where it wanted to bring an end to the imperial system and believing that a republic was the only way to bring real reform as wel... ... middle of paper ... ...test political and economic impact through the use of working with foreign powers in order to modernize China. To conclude, although for much of the 20th century in China foreign influence was limited, the most change occurred when foreign influence was involved. Politically, it was revolutionised through leaders such as Chiang Kai-shek and Mao who were influenced by foreign powers such as USSR and France. Chiang Kai-shek and Mao both emphasised that the use of Confucian ideas clearly would not work in order to transform China.