The Effects Of Stress On The Human Body

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The Effects of Stress on the Human Body According to the Stress in America Survey conducted by the American Psychological Association, most Americans report feeling “moderate-to-high” stress levels with 44% of adults stating that their stress level has increased in the past 5 years (Stress, 2013). Stress is nearly unavoidable; a few major causes of stress include work, money, and the economy. Producing changes in many body systems, stress, in small amounts, is healthy, but excessive stress, when left untreated, can lead to anxiety and illness like increased heart rate and blood pressure and even altered immune function. Situations, pressures, and ideas that cause stress are called “stressors”. (Stress, 2013). Typically, stressors are thought to be negative, like a long day at work or a seemingly rocky relationship. However, anything that places high demand on a person or forces a person to adjust to a situation or idea can be considered stressful. Included in this are positive events like getting married, buying a new home, going away to college, or receiving a promotion at work. People can experience stress from both internal and external stressors. (Stress, 2013). External stressors include both negative physical stimulus like such as pain or extreme hot or cold temperatures and stressful psychological environments like poor working conditions or abusive relationships. (Stress, 2013). Internal stressors can also be physical, like infections and other illnesses or psychological, such as intense worry about an event that could occur. (Stress, 2013). Internal stress is self-generated. For example, when someone worries excessively about something that may or may not even happen, or having irrational, pessimistic thoughts about t... ... middle of paper ... ...gative health effects discussed earlier on the immune system, the digestive system, and the cardiovascular system of the human body if the stressors are not reduced. Several options are available when seeking relief for large amounts of stress, whether they are clinical or simple changes made on a personal level. When the American Psychological Association conducted its Stress in America Survey samples of 1,226 adults in the general population, 1,221 adults living with chronic illnesses, and 300 adult caregivers were taken (Stress, 2013). This survey found that many people are engaging in unhealthy habits due to stress, such as the 39% of adults that reported overeating or eating unhealthy foods due to stress (Stress, 2013). Although many understand the benefits of stress reduction, they are not taking advantage of strategies, such as exercise, for various reasons.
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