The Effectiveness Of The Congress Of Vienna

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# Discussion

## Effectiveness of the Congress of Vienna

> Discuss the Congress of Vienna. What did it try to accomplish in Europe? How well did it succeed in achieving its goals?

After Napoleon’s exile, Robert Stewart, the British foreign secretary, brought about the signing of the Treaty of Chaumont on March 9, 1814. The treaty restored the Bourbon family to power, reduced France to its size of 1792, and aligned Britain, Austria, Russia, and Prussia in what was called the Quadruple Alliance. In September of that year, the Congress of Vienna met to forge new policies to prevent France from again dominating Europe: Prussia and Austria are given new territories, and the Bourbon monarchy is confirmed. The various powers at the Congress feared that Russia would advance further into Central Europe. To prevent this, Charles Maurice de Talleyrand, the French Prime Minister, suggested that France, Britain, and Austria align to deter tsar Alexander I from penetrating deeper into Central Europe – it worked. France’s brilliant move gave them a spot as the 5th great power of Europe. On March 1, 1815, Napoleon returned from Elba, whereupon he was promptly declared an outlaw. At the Battle of Waterloo on June 18, 1815, General Wellington and the Prussian Field Marshal von Blucher defeated Napoleon; he was again forced into exile, this time on Saint Helena (off the coast of Africa). The Quadruple Alliance remained an unprecedented peace-making coalition, and the Vienna Settlement resolved all of the goals of the Congress. Treaties became made between states, not monarchs, and the Settlement remained intact for almost half of a century and prevented war for nearly 100 years.

## Ideology of Conservatism

> Explain the ideology of nineteenth-ce...

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...s experiencing revolution. After the Congress of Laibach in January 1821, Austrian troops restored the king of the Two Sicilies to nonconstitutional monarchy. The Verona congress of 1822 had two results: the first was that the Spanish revolution would be brutally suppressed. The congress that led to the suppression of the Spanish revolution stood in sharp contrast to the various alliances to invade or confiscate territory previously, and was a landmark event in European international order. The second result of the congress was that Britain, unsympathetic to Metternich’s ambitions, would withdraw from continental affairs and instead, under leadership of the new foreign minister George Canning, exploit the South American revolutions and support the American Monroe Doctrine. Britain would dominate Latin American commercial interests for the remainder of the century.

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