The Effect of Electronic Journals on Scholarly Communication

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The Effect of Electronic Journals on Scholarly Communication In recent years, scholarly communication has virtually exploded into the on-line electronic world. This has brought a number of demonstrable benefits to the scholarly communication process as well as highlighting a number of inefficiencies and obstacles to the full deployment of information technology. However, the explosion has also brought a spate of credulous accounts concerning the transformative potential of information technology. These accounts, though well intentioned, do not contribute to a sociological understanding of information technology in general, or its effect on the scholarly communication process more specifically. In order to develop our understanding of the relevant issues, a critical and empirical analysis will need to be undertaken in order to get out from under the cultural values that have clouded the analysis of information technology thus far. INTRODUCTION (1)In just a few short years the Internet has seen a spectacular growth in the amount of scholarly material available. Some sense of the rate of growth of electronic journals is given by the Association of Research Librarians directory of electronic journals. [1] In 1991 there were 110 journals and academic newsletters listed in their directory. This grew to 133 in 1992, 240 in 1993, 400 in 1994 (Okerson, 1994) and 700+ in 1995. There has also been remarkable growth in the number of refereed electronic journals from 74 in 1994 to 142 in 1995 (Okerson, 1995). Maverick electronic journals are no longer alone on the Internet. A string of initiatives has placed a stunning amount of textual material on-line for purchase or direct retrieval. For example publishing companies and University p... ... middle of paper ... ...Shoaf, R.A. (1994) "Policing Electronic Journals." Surfaces, 4. http://tornade.ere.umontreal.ca/~boudreaj/vol4/shoaf.htm SoftQuad (1995) The SGML Primer. http://www.sq.com/sgmlinfo/ primintr.html Shumacher, E. F. (1973) Small Is Beautiful: Economics as if People Mattered. New York: Harper Colophon Books. Siegel, L., and Markoff, J. (1985) The Dark Side of the Chip: The High Cost of High Tech. New York: Harper and Row. Toffler, A. (1990) Power Shift: Knowledge, Wealth, and Violence at the Edge of the 21st Century. New York: Bantam. Toffler, A. (1980) The Third Wave. New York: William Morrow and Company. Winston, B. (1986) Misunderstanding Media. New York: Routledge and Kegan Paul. Vance, Eugene (1994) Historical Visions and Modern Revisions of Virtual Knowledge. ARL: Proceedings From the Third Symposium http://arl.cni.org/symp3/vance.html

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