The Suffragettes began to include votes for working class women in their protests. The Suffragists did not want to be linked to any single party, however the newly formed Labour did support female suffrage up to the general election 1906 when they began to fear if women had the vote the would use it to vote conservative. The Suffragettes and the Suffragists used similar tactics to persuade the government to grant women's suffrage but the Suffragettes were more militant. The Suffragetes would post themselves to 10 Downing Street, chain themselves to rails, graffiti on the Houses of Parliament, along with having fights with police. Many Suffragettes were sent to prison for their militancy and often went of hunger strikes in prison at first the suffragettes were released but the
Alice Paul used many political strategies, such as holding the party in power responsible and campaigning for the 19th Amendment. Paul, as well as Lucy Burns, broke apart from the National American Woman’s Suffrage Association because they didn’t agree with NAWSA’s mild political strategies. As a result, they together founded the National Women’s Party. Leaders of NAWSA thought that it would be best to get suffrage laws passed state by state, while the NWP campaigned for an amendment. This approach was successful because the 19th Amendment was ratified in 1920.
In 1905, the WSPU decided to take stronger action due to the failure of using peaceful and legal methods, as bills were constantly being turned away from the House of Commons and not many people were accepting that women should be allowed to vote. Their tactics started off quite quietly, with suffragettes being arrested for holding meetings outside of the House of Commons. The arrests soon began to become more frequent, with suffragettes being arrested for speaking to the crowd outside Liberal Party elections, and refusing to pay fines thus being sent to jail. However, they were quickly gaining popularity and they moved to London in 1906, to be nearer the capital. They soon declared war on the Liberal party for not fulfilling their promises.
The picture is also posed and therefore could not be a true example of the whole of the protest. It is counter propaganda and was therefore produced to change people’s views. The protest was non-violent unl... ... middle of paper ... ...ey had still not been granted the right to vote, despite large scale campaign. Opinions were gradually moving towards support for women’s suffrage but in 1914 the majority of politicians didn’t share the view. I think that even without WWI women would eventually have been granted the right to vote but it could have been a long time after 1918.
The Eventual Success of Women's Suffrage Rhetoric In One Half the People and Women and the American Experience, we learn that women were outraged upon finding that the 15th amendment constitutionally enfranchised men of every race and ethnicity, but still excluded women. According to Susan B. Anthony, one-time president of the National Woman’s Suffrage Association, this occurrence brought women “to the lowest depths of political degradation” (Woloch 329). Women quickly realized that the governing body of white men would more quickly give freedom to uneducated and poor foreigners than to their own mothers and wives, whom were steadily beginning to make financial contributions at home, as a result of industrialization. The analysis, herein, is meant to illustrate how the frequent lack of unity in the rhetoric of the various women’s suffrage organizations postponed and often stifled women’s attainment of full constitutional enfranchisement, but eventually forced the government to give into the women’s plight. Women like Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Stanton, of the NWSA, preached that “women must lead the way to their own enfranchisement and work out her own salvation” (Woloch 330).
By 1914, both the women’s suffrage groups had very little success in achieving the ultimate goal of women being able to vote in general elections. The two main suffrage groups, the suffragists and the suffragettes both struggled to change the minds of the british government to allow women to vote despite over forty years of campaigning. The suffragists’ peaceful protest campaign had failed to get the attention of the government and the British public but the suffragettes’ militant campaign gained publicity for issue but caused severe damage to the campaigned, branding women as reckless and irresponsible, marching the campaign backwards. Other weaknesses within the campaign such as the suffragists unwillingness to push the liberal government into giving women the vote and suffragettes refusal of help from trade unions such as the Labour movement also caused the campaign to progress extremely slowly. Politicians lack of sympathy towards the cause could of also explain the lack of progress but also the suffrage movement’s inability to demonstrate to politicians why women deserved the vote could attribute to the lack of success in achieving the aims of female enfranchisement.
For example although Irish Nationalist party MPs were supportive of suffrage they voted against the bill because they thought it would take attention away from Ireland. The main reason Government was against the bill was that in 1911 women were a majority of 53% of Britain’s population and the Liberal government didn’t want to be the ones who gave women the vote in case something went wrong.
The First Wave movement mostly consisted of white middle class and upper class women and began during the abolitionist movement where women affiliated themselves with anti-slavery and anti-racism movements. When the Civil War ended and women weren’t extended suffrage, they abandoned their alliances with the blacks. This movement was then based on women’s suffrage and the right to vote. The problem this movement faced was, “First wave feminism also moved, over the course of its history, toward a narrowness of vision that isolated it from other progressive movements” (pg.377). Even though this movement changed many views in society, the reason they failed was because they pulled back their alliances.
Anthony but there were many other who help women throughout history. Early women’s right activist, such as Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony, were weaken, and shot down when “the new amendment cast white women ‘under the heel of the lowest orders of manhood’” (Mink and Smith 2) because women weren’t important during the Civil War. But what started it all was the “Declaration of Sentiments” which, Stanton created, stated that “‘all men and women [had been] created equal’” (Feminism 2) which the Constitution said the People were. Even though this really didn’t help women, this was the stepping stone of women 's right movement which later accomplished many rights such as the right to vote in 1920, the trail case of Roe v. Wade which gave women right to privacy of the body in the mid-1970s, and a lot more recent events since the 1980s. There were many who played a major role in setting these stones down beside Stanton and Anthony, these women were Susan Moller Okin (who fought for self support), Alison Jagger and Iris Marion Young (who fought for economic support) and Catharine MacKinnon and Andrea Dworkin (who wanted to change the way men saw women).
Despite such pressure, the government refused to adopt the law on the universal right of vote. Suffragettes passed to direct actions, breaking windows and chaining themselves to fencing and refusing to submit to police. Many of them were arrested and sentenced to imprisonment, but in prisons they arranged hunger strikes and suffered from exhaustion. Therefore the government ordered forced feeding in 1909. Among arrested there was a daughter of rich aristocratic family Lady Constance Lytton, who was let out when police found about her origin.