When the fifty-five men attended the Constitutional Convention, they sat down to set up how the government would work.They wanted to make sure that the people had some say and control over the government. The Preamble, or the introduction paragraph, stated, “We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union” (Constitution 121). In the Constitution, they broke up each branch of the government into articles and described in great detail what powers each branch had. In this way, the men were able to build a strong government. Each branch had the ability to check the others, or make sure the other branches did not become too powerful.
The Constitution is the basis of the U.S. government. The Constitution is termed as the supreme law of the country. The Constitution was written in 1787 for the purpose of recommending changes in the old government. The Constitution came into effect in 1789. Establishing the laws of the country, a convention had to be held from important men from different states as well as aspects to debate out rules ensuring equality and unity in birthing America into a solid country.
He helped organized the Constitution Convention that dealt with improvements in the federal government and Articles of Confederation. Doing this, by solving all the obstacles that were in the way. Enabling the United States to have a good tone for the future. The Federalist Papers was a book he wrote to spread the importance of the constitution. Made the Virginia Plan that had become the base of a new government.
Without having a backup plan just yet, some delegates met up and created the Constitution. The constitution had to be ratified before it became the rule of all the land. The Federalist and Anti-Federalist papers discuss whether the constitution should be approved or not. Some things Anti-Federalist and Federalists argued was a strong national government, a standing army, and whether or not the constitution should be ratified and why. The Federalist papers were for the constitution being ratified.
Madison and his fellow Virginians came up with the details and a plan for the new government, it was known as the Virginia Plan. And Madison became known as the father of the constitution. After Hamilton presented his plan to the convention, many other plans and compromises were written. The Great Compromise, Patterson and the New Jersey Plan, Hamilton and The British Plan, and the North-South Compromise. The framers had four major goals for the constitution.
This tension would soon be lightened because the Constitution would provide a way of protection. “The Constitution was signed on September 17, 1787. It was signed in what was once known as the Pennsylvania State House. Thirty-nine men
By 1788, eleven states had ratified the Constitution. Six states, however, sent Congress proposals for amendments, modeled on their state constitutions and designed to protect individual rights. James Madison realized that the public desire for a Bill of Rights could not be ignored. In 1789, after reviewing the state proposed amendments and the state Bill of Rights to be considered by Congress, he proposed nine amendments to be considered by Congress for insertion into the text of the Constitution. After deliberation, debate, and some alterations, the House and Senate voted to add the amendments on the end of the Constitution and sent twelve amendments to the states for ratification.
The Declaration was taken to Philadelphia, to Thomas Jefferson, where he was just about to finish up with the Declaration of Independence. Many of Mason's ideas were 'decorated' and went into the Declaration of Independence (Miers 42-46). George Mason's Virginia's Declaration of Rights was used as the base for almost every other states (Collier 250). George Mason went to the Constitutional Convention of 1787 with writing a new form of government in mind, though he did not believe in a strong central government. He agreed with the Virginia Plan.
In this particular paper, several principles are used as arguments for ratification. Specifically, a main argument discussed is the means this government would have to self-regulate itself. Following the sentence quoted above is, “A dependence on the people is, no doubt, the primary control on the government; but experience has taught mankind the necessity of auxiliary precautions.” The auxiliary precautions Madison refers to is one of the many principles of our government that is still in action today, a system of checks and balances. Such a principle was born from the Constitution as a result of the existence of three branches and their division of powers. The formal definition of checks and balances is a system that allows each branch of government the ability to counterbalance the influences of the other branches in order to prevent the concentration of power in only one branch, becoming a tyrant.
The Constitution established the structure of the Government and a written set of rules to stabilizes the conduct of the government . The Constitution was ratified in 1788 in Philadelphia. After long diatribe and political battle between the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists, they finally came to and Agreement. The Constitution divided the national government into three branches; Legislative, Executive, and Judicial. The government is based upon the principles of separation of powers and checks and balances even though in practice many powers and functions interchanged and are shared.