The Conservative Coalition

1924 Words8 Pages
Throughout the course of history, there have been multiple times when bipartisanship has played an important role. However, one of the most noticeable times of a bipartisan coalition that lasted more than fifty years would be that of the conservative coalition. From the 1930s until the 1990s, the conservative coalition played a major role in determining the policies of Congress and the nation. It formed, partly, as a reaction to the progressive policies of then president, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and other progressive members of the government (Patterson 1966, 757). After its extended reign in Congress, it eventually disappeared into history during the congressional revolutions of the 1980s and 1990s (. Therefore, Congress rose to power for a number of different reasons that led to a platform of issues but eventually morphed into the Republican Party of the mid-1990s.

While some reasons may be mort important in the emergence of the conservative coalition, there are a wide variety of issues noted by researchers that are said to have contributed to the foundation of this bipartisan voting bloc. A Democrat Congressman from Missouri, Richard Bolling, believes that issues such as “civil rights, welfare, labor, education, and fiscal affairs” led to the separation of part of the Democratic Party to be combined with the conservative coalition (Shelley 1983, 12). Joel Margolis notes that the conservative coalition typically united on votes for “taxes, economic policy, health, education, welfare, and labor” (Shelley 1983, 13). These differing views begin to show some trends that encompass a varied list of issues can contribute to a better understanding of the foundation of the conservative coalition. It can be summed up best when stated...

... middle of paper ...

...e in Congress.” The American Political Science Review 95 (September): 673-687.

Patterson, James T. 1966. “A Conservative Coalition Forms in Congress, 1933-1939.” The Journal of American History 52 (March): 757-772.

Paulson, Arthur. 2007. Electoral Realignment and the Outlook for American Democracy. Boston: Northeastern University Press.

Rohde, David W., Norman J. Ornstein, and Robert L. Peabody. 1984. “Political Change and Legislative Norms in the U.S. Senate, 1957-1974.” In Studies of Congress, ed. Glenn R. Parker. Washington, D.C.: CQ Press.

Shelley II, Mack C. 1983. The Permanent Majority: The Conservative Coalition in the United States Congress. Tuscaloosa, Alabama: University of Alabama Press.

Sundquist, James L. 1983. Dynamics of the Party System: Alignment and Realignment of Political Parties in the United States. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution.
Open Document