During 1945 and early in 1946, the Soviet Union cut off nearly all contacts between the West and the occupied territories of Eastern Europe. In March 1946, former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill warned that "an iron curtain has descended across the Continent" of Europe. He made popular the phrase Iron Curtain to refer to Soviet barriers against the West (Kennedy 1034). Behind these barriers, the U.S.S.R. steadily expanded its power. In 1946, the U.S.S.R. organized Communist governments in Bulgaria and Romania. In 1947, Communists took control of Hungary and Poland. Communists seized full power in Czechoslovakia early in 1948. These countries became Soviet satellite nations controlled by the U.S.S.R. Albania already had turned to Communism. Yugoslavia also joined the Communist bloc. The Communist Party of Yugoslavia had helped drive out the Germans near the end of the war. Communists led by Josip Broz Tito then took over the government (Cold War). East and West opposed each other in the United Nations. In 1946, the U.S.S.R. rejected a U.S. proposal for an international agency to control nuclear energy production and research. The Soviet Union believed the United States had a lead in nuclear weapons and would have a monopoly if controls were approved. The Soviet Union pictured itself as a defender of peace and accused the United States of planning a third world war.
A cold war is defined as "a conflict between nations for national advantage conducted by political, economic, and psychological means instead of direct military action." The Cold War defined by the same source was determined to be "the contest for power between the communist nations headed by the Soviet Union and the nations of the West headed by the United States that began after World War II"(Barnhart & Thorndike, 198).
The Cold War was the longated tension between the Soviet Union and the United States of America. It started in the mid 40’s after WWII had left Europe in shambles and Russia and the USA in superpower positions. The Cold War was a clash of these supergiants in political, ideological, military, and economic values and ideas. Though military build up was great on both sides neither one ever directly fought each other. In this essay I’m going to bring forth the following points: Rise of the Cold War, events in and because of the Cold War, and the fall of Russia.
During the training over their soldiers they were unexpectedly attacked by North Korea, which they were grossly unprepared for (U.S. Enters 1). The U.S.S.R. came to an agreement with North Korea; they gave the North mass amounts of weapons, supplies, and even tanks. The Soviet Union also had North Korean troops sent to their country in order to help train them for war. When the war began both the North and the South knew that the North was the bigger and stronger army (U.S. Enters 1). When the war was starting President Harry S. Truman ordered U.S. naval and air support to help push back North Korea’s communist aggression (U.S. Enters 2). He later sent ground forces from japan into Korea; And General Douglas Macarthur was selected commander of all the U.N. forces in Korea. When, the forces came to the aid of the south many questioned if they were prepared if one of the largest communist powers were to come into the fight. Many thought the Chinese were going to attack the U.N. forces in Korea which they did. (U.S. Enters 2) The U.N. Invaded South Korea, to defend the South from the North’s communist’s army, and Truman’s administration seized an opportunity to protect a non-communist government, and the Invasion of Inchon, in this essay it will depict the struggles each nation went...
...h Korea, was a battle that had no real outcome. Lives were lost and buildings were destroyed but there was no resolution that had settled the ongoing tension between both nations. The Battle of Incheon and the Battle of the Kapyong were two significant battles that turned the tide of the war towards one direction, through strategic fighting and with the help of allied countries that involved the United Nations, China and the Soviet Union. Many lives were affected as a result of this battle and it also was a vital advancement for the United Nations as the War allowed them to prosper. Despite the fact that the pressure between South and North Korea had not yet settled, both nations had learnt a great dealt from the War. Coming to understand the war fully, it is vital that we view the events both prior and after the war so that the War itself can be viewed as a whole.
...unchallenged. American forces helped push back North Korean forces but met stiff resistance as the crossed the 38th parallel. American forces were pushed back by Chinese and North Korean forces, and in order to avoid escalation into a world war between nuclear powers the war settled into a bloody stalemate along the border between the two Koreas.
An aide from the US government sent information telling the Soviet government bringing attention to the fact that North Korea invaded the Republic of Korea in force. The Soviets reply stated that the fact was the attack was provoked by an attack from South Korea and states that the responsibility is not with them but the South Korean authorities and their allies. They go on to state that they have already taken their troops from North Korea and is sticking with the principle of noninterference. During a meeting of Congressional leaders Truman shared what he planned to do to deal with the troubles in Korea. He authorized the Air Force to conduct missions on specific military targets and ordered a naval blockade of the entire Korean coast. The war went on for two years and ended in a cease fire agreement that was signed on July 1953.
The stance of the American government was crucial to the involvement of the United States in the Korean War and greatly influenced the outcome. After World War II, in August of 1945, the Soviet Union raided the Northern part of Korea, which at the time Japan had control over, with the plan of spreading communism. In response, the United States sent their troops to the Southern part of Korea in order to protect them against a Soviet Union takeover. This created a divide along the 38th parallel with the North supported by the Soviet Union and the South supported by the United States (“U.S. Enters the Korean Conflict”). However, this temporary solution was repealed on June 25, 1950 when North Korea crossed the 38th parallel and attacked South Korea, thus starting the Korean War (“Us Enters the Korean
The Warsaw Pact was a defense treaty between the Soviet Union and its counterparts during the height of the Cold War. Severe amounts of tension at the beginning of the Cold War led to the formation of the Communist Warsaw Pact, as well as, the democratic NATO. The Warsaw Pact countries and the NATO countries, west versus east, were in an arms race that promoted harsh living conditions in the Communist Warsaw Pact Countries. The ending of the Cold War signified the end of the Warsaw Pact, but not the end of relations between the western and eastern countries.
This war all began when 75,000 soldiers from the North Korean People’s Army poured across the 38th parallel, also known as the boundary between the Soviet-backed Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to the north and the pro-Western Republic of Korea to the south. This action was one of the very first military actions to occur for the Cold War. By July, American troops entered the war for South Korea. After early crossings to and from the 38th parallel, the fighting came to a halt and casualties piled up with nothing to show for. As for American officials, they worked restlessly to form a type of assistance between them and the North Koreans. The substitute, they feared would be a much broader war between Russia and China. Or as some cautioned it as, World War II. At the end, July of 1953, the war came to its end. The total count of lives costed during this was nearly 5 millions soldiers and civilians
The Cold War was an intense economic, political, military, and ideological rivalry between Russia and the United States that took place from the 1940s to the 1990s, as a result of political differences.From chess tournaments to hockey games, Russia and the United States found every possible way to compete against one another without physically fighting. The United States and the USSR originally feuded over Berlin. When the Allies decided that they wanted to make Berlin part of West Germany, and it would be a democracy, the USSR blockaded West Berlin, wanting to make the city the capital of East Germany. This led to the United States ferrying supplies to the now cut-off country. The United States wanted a democracy, and the USSR wanted communism,
After the World War finished, Korea was divided into two parts, South Korea and North Korea. The parties of these two countries had different ideologies. South Korea was a capitalist and North Korea was a communist. When North Korea crossed the boundary (38th parallel) and went into the South Korean’s part, the first attack in the Cold War happened.