The Civil Rights Movement & Women's Liberation Movement

2302 Words10 Pages
History of Civil Rights Movement The 1960s brought about changes economically and socially. The Civil Rights Movement was alive and moving. The Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s goal was to hopefully put an end to racial discrimination and to restore voting rights in the South. Clearly the 60s was not the beginning of the fight for civil rights in America. The 18th century in the United State was plagued by hatred, racism and slavery. Slavery affected the entire nation. Slavery destroyed families by taking members of one’s captive to work as slaves. Abolitionists of all races began protesting against slavery. As slaves grew tired of intense abuse, slaves planned escape routes, signals and even songs. By 1843, slaves were escaping to the north making slavery almost impossible. In 1850, the Fugitive Slave Law was passed as compromise between the south and the north. The law mandated that runaway slaves be returned back to one’s master. The Wisconsin Supreme Court ruled the Fugitive Slave Law unconstitutional. In 1859, the ruling was overturned. Slaves were given another ray of hope with the passing of the Emancipation Proclamation by President Abraham Lincoln in 1863. The proclamation immediately freed fifty million slaves but slated to free 3.1 million slaves (Harris, 2001). However, the proclamation did not benefit slaves in every state. Slavery, non-voting rights, public segregation and Jim Crow laws led to the development of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NACCP) in 1909. Led by W.E. Dubois in 1910, the NAACP‘s mission was to ensure political, educational, social and economic equal rights for one. The organization publicized the malice acts of lynching, beatings and police ... ... middle of paper ... ... Happier Under the Glass Ceiling? Forbes. March 8, 2006 Issue. Darcy, R. W. (1987). “Women, Elections, and Representation”. Reprinted in 1994. Freeman S. (2004). In Style: Femininity and Fashion since the Victorian Era. Journal of Women's History; 16(4): 191–206 Harris, W. (2001). “After the Proclamation: Lincoln’s Role in the Ending of Slavery”, North & South Vol. No. 5. Hauser, Thomas (2004). Muhammad Ali: His Life and Times. Robson Books. Mansbridge, Jane J. (1986). Why We Lost the ERA. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. McMillen, S. (2008). Seneca Falls and the origin of the women’s movement. Oxford University Press., page 108. Miller, C. (2011). Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Boycott. Wilkinson, D. (1969). Black Revolt: Strategies of Protest. Berkeley: McCutchan Publishing Corporation. Williams, J. (). Thurgood Marshall: American Revolutionary.
Open Document