Bubonic plague causes very painful, swollen lymph nodes, called buboes. These swollen lymph nodes are often first found in the groin area, which is "boubon" in Latin. This disease became associated with the term "plague" because of its widespread fatality throughout history. Bubonic plague was also known as the "Black Death" in Medieval times. This is because the dried blood under the skin turns black.
The Black Death caused a widespread death rate over the eastern and western parts of Europe during the fourteenth century. Not only did the Black Death take a devastating toll on human life, it also played an important role in shaping European life in years to come. The Black Death came in three forms, the bubonic, pneumonic, and septicemic. Each form killed people in it’s own vicious way. All forms were caused by a bacterium called Yersinia pestis.
The fleas would then bite into their victims, releasing the disease inside them. The disease, known as the Black Death, is caused by the bacterium, Yersinia pestis (“The Plague”). Once the disease got inside of the victim, symptoms such as the formation of buboes, which is swollen lymph nodes, start to appear under the arm, on the neck, or in the groin area. Normally followed by fever, chills, and muscle aches (“The Plague”). Other symptoms include, extremely foul odor of all body fluids, and gangrene of the finger, toes, and the nose.
A deadly disease that has a history for pandemics has nicknames of “Black Death or Black Plague”(BubonicPlague1). The plague is an infectious disease that is caused by Bacterium Yersinia Pestis. Yersinia Pestis gets passed around by rodents and then to fleas and then to humans. The fleas bite the rodents, that are infected with this bacteria, and once Yersinia Pestis is internalized the bacteria will start to multiply. The bacteria in the flea gets so big that, when the flea tries to feed on the human, it stops any blood from going in to the fleas stomach cavity.
This unknown bacterium that caused all three pandemic was terrifyingly and indiscriminately contagious (). Specifically, in the second pandemic, this organism sweep through Europe killing one third of the population, equivalent to more than 20 million people. Some cities may have had up to 75% of the population died in one day. Many people fled the cities for the countryside, but even there they could not escape the disease of this organism: It affected cows, sheep, goats, pigs and chickens as well as people. Its method of transmission was from ticks that bite infected rodents, and then transmitted to humans.
It is then posed to humans by fleas that feed on the blood of rats and then bite humans, in which the bacterium is passed into the human bloodstream (Aberth, 2000). It takes between four and six days for a person infected with the Bubonic Plague to exhibit symptoms (Truitt, 2001). The most common symptom is swellings known as buboes (hence bubonic) that appear in the lymph glands near the initial flea bite (Douglass, 1996). The buboes are red at first, but later turn a dark purple or black they eventually bust open oozing blood and pus (Douglass, 1996). Other symptoms may include a high fever, often causing delirium, violent headaches, subcutaneous bleeding, and damage to the nervous system caused from the bleeding, which leads to uncontrollable twitching and jerking (Aberth, 2000).
The Black Plague started in 1347 CE and ended in 1351 CE. Europe declined dramatically by the spreading of an unstoppable virus sent from central Asia. As the virus spread through towns, villages, and across countries, dead bodies of the victims caught by the virus started to pile and gather. As more bodies began to pileup, they were dumped into pits (Wilson 438). There were many effects of the Black Plague in Europe.
The most characteristic is the swelling of lymph nodes which also ads to the darkening of the skin. Some people even turn dark purple. Did you know that there is a cycle of the Bubonic Plague? This is how it goes. 1 Fleas drink rat blood that carries bacteria 2 Bacteria multiply in flea's gut 3 Gut clogged with bacteria 4 Flea bites a human and regurgitates blood into an open wound 5 Human is infected The Bubonic Plague was used for war too.
The plague was carried into Europe in 1347 by flea-bearing black rats infesting the commercial vessels that brought goods to Mediterranean ports. The Black Death is estimated to have killed 30% to 60% of Europe’s population. The Black Death is endemic to rodents and transmitted to humans by common flea. In humans the disease invades the blood the glands under the arms and goin that would swell, sometimes to the size of an apple or an egg, and dark blotches would also appear on the skin. These blotches had the same meaning for everyone, on whom they appeared.
Black Death THE BLACK DEATH During the fourteenth century a horrible plague spread across Asia, Europe, and Great Britain. This plague is referred to as the black death. Many people are not quite sure why the disease was given the name. The most popular reason why it might be called the black death is because it left purplish, blackish blotches on the bodies of the sick. “But if the name of the epidemic had been derived primarily from the appearance of its victims, one would have expected it to have been used at the time.