"Midway thrust the warlords back on their heels, caused their ambitious plans..........to be canceled, and forced on them an unexpected, unwelcome, defensive role". -Samuel Elliot Morison, the United States Navy's official historian of World War II, on the Battle of Midway in June 1942. The danger of Japanese power in the Pacific lingered over the heads of the Americans and endangered the safety of their homeland in the years from 1903 to 1942. That power lasted until the Japanese made the mistake of attacking the island of Midway in the second great carrier battle of the war. At 4:30 in the morning on June 4, 1942, the Japanese attacked the U.S. naval base at Midway in an attempt to destroy their aircraft carriers that escaped Pearl Harbor.
06 May 2014. "Weapons of War." First World War.com. N.p., n.d. Web.
His purpose was to inform the American people of the attack and persuade Congress to declare war on Japan. “Yesterday, December 7th, 1941 -- a date which will live in infamy -- the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan” (Roosevelt). Franklin Delano Roosevelt is informing the country that Pearl Harbor was bombed. He talks about this attack becoming a day which will live in infamy, to show it’s importance. He wants to emphasize this attack and to get the country thinking about war.
Eyewitness Accounts, Casualty List, Background. "Welcome to the Official Site of the Attack on Pearl Harbor.N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Apr. 2014.
Many wonder why Japan attacked the United States in the first place. There was a lot that led up to the attack, the attack itself and, seventy years after the attack. The attack on Pearl Harbor was one of the greatest naval operations in history and some people still want to know why Japan attacked. One reason is “the U.S. placed an embargo on Japan by prohibiting exports of steel, scrap iron and aviation fuel to Japan, due to Japan’s takeover of northern French Indonesia (“Pearl Harbor History…”).” In addition, some believed war was unavoidable between the U.S. and Japan. For example “Isoruko Yamamoto, commander of Japan’s combined fleets, believed war was inevitable between his nation and the U.S. (Lee).” Yamamoto was determined to cripple the American navy in order to succeed in defeating the enemies of Japan.
This way of fighting was complemented by the bad weather, slow, clumsy ships, limited communication, but most of all the massive area upon which the battle was fought. The Battle of the Coral Sea greatly influenced the course of the Pacific Theatre (The Pacific Theatre). Although there was no clear winner of the battle, it was the first that the Americans didn’t lose, and after it the Japanese didn’t win another. It also led the Japanese to underestimate the power of the American navy in the Battle of Midway, which was a fatal error (Willmott, 230). The Battle of the Coral Sea was the first battle of a new era, in which the aircraft carrier controlled war at sea.
"The attack marked the entrance of Japan into World War II on the side of Germany and Italy, and the entrance of the United States on the allied side." (Microsoft Encyclopedia) President Roosevelt set up investigations to find out whether or not there was any warning of the attack on Pearl Harbor before it happened. One report found that the navy and army commanders of the Hawaiian area, Rear Admiral Husband E. Kimmel, and Major General Walter C. Short, were guilty of "dereliction of duty and errors of judgement." (Microsoft Encyclopedia) The reports showed that the commanders had received warnings weeks prior to the attack and just overlooked them. A member of the operations section also reported that the ideas of an attack on Pearl Harbor came up very often.
April 1945, signaled an end to a lasting Battle and continued a new beginning for the invasion of Japan’s homeland. This battle was the Battle of Okinawa or known as the Typhoon of Steel (Battle of Okinawa). The main cause of this tragic battle was the U.S military being able to use Okinawa as a base to reach or invade Japan (Wukovits). Therefore, bombs were fired towards Japans homeland. In early June half of a million men, soldiers, marines, sailors and airmen were sent to surround thirty miles of the ocean.