As the land became parched, the desert spread. The process of desertification devours thousands of acres of cropland and pastureland each year. As the region dried the people retreated. With no water and little food the land became inhabitable. Most people migrated south towards the marshlands and the savannah.
These two deserts are a natural detriment to the African continent because they make it difficult to reach the inland where most of the people live. Although Africa is relatively close to Europe, travel by land over the Sahara desert is very prohibitive. Another topographical feature that also isolates the central region of Africa is the coastline. Africa has a regular coastline characterized by few indentations. Because of the smooth coastline, natural harbors were non-existent.
To reiterate, this area has suffered from drought for much of the past decade. Water resources are becoming more scarce and cities and states are fighting over rights to the current water. California is a major producer of agricultural commodities that feed much of the world. If desertification is allowed to go unchecked in this area, we may one day be living in desert conditions. Overall, desertification is a worldwide problem that needs all of our attention.
Only 25% of Bamako citizens have access to electricity because Mali is too poor to import more used fossil fuels, or set up large energy infrastructure. Therefore, most of the nation’s population is reliant on fuel-wood and animal dung, which has lead to major environmental problem which is “desertification” “Desertification” is the process describing the natural expansion of the desert, where fertile or semi-fertile land is assimilated into the desert due to the lack of plant and grass roots anchoring the soil in place. It is prevalent in arid climates where rain doesn’t fall frequently enough to maintain basic foliage levels. The heavy dependence on fuel wood, combined with poor farming practices has expedited this process throughout the continent in nations located at the edges of the desert. The loss of cultivatable land to the desert has caused massive starvation.
African farm yields are amongst the lowest in the world, resulting in most of the farmers being poor and not being able to afford the high price equipment and high price seeds to do well in the ag business. This makes it nearly impossible for farmers in Africa to adopt new farming techniques. There are some financial groups in Africa but due to the lack of money for the farmers they can not seek help and some don't know how the groups work. “Only 35% of surveyed farmers said they could access appropriate finance for their investment.” (Africa and the World). Also “only 13% of respondents said access to finance had improved over the past 12 months.” This leads me to my next
Agricultural Problems facing the African Nations Africa is a nation hit by many agricultural problems. As a majority, Africa is a desert type climate. Rainfall is heavy and quick, leaving soil deeply engraved by the pounding of the rain. It falls for such a short period of time, not allowing the ground to soak up the moisture before it is evaporated into the air because of the heat. Droughts attack the nations often never providing enough food to sustain the rising population of the nations.
The countryside alternates between astounding untouched forests and breathtaking human-induced destruction on a scale almost unmatched anywhere. Madagascar’s physical geography is not conducive of the current global trends and needs for economic production. They are severely behind the World as a whole in economic growth and restructuring to fit new world markets. Most of Madagascar lies in tropical or subtropical environment; the soil structure in these sorts of regions is not able to sustain long-term cultivation. The topsoil is good for agriculture for a few years, but after much longer it becomes burnt out, or depleted, and then it needs to rest for a period of time until it can yield a decent crop again.
How Physical and Human Processes are Linked to Explain the Deficit of Food Production A food deficit is where there is not enough food to feed the current population. The world still suffers from a food deficit even though in most MEDC’s in the world there is a food surplus and an average kilocalories intake of 3300 in relation to the 2200 of the developing world. 200 years ago Malthus expressed his fears that world population would surpass food supply and there would be mass famine, although this is not the case he is somewhat right with, famine still present in most of Africa. Even though there is enough food for everyone in the world although there are two major problems with massive food surplus in the USA and Europe and shortages in LEDC’s the area I have studied is the Sahel region in Africa, over 900 million people are affect by the sever desertification in this area and over 250,000 human death due to famine from 1968-73 the problem needs to be addressed. The Sahel is in Africa it includes several countries stretching from west to east Africa.
The soil in these places can not neutralize acid rain deposits, then the nutrients are stripped which means the crops in those places may not survive. The Black forest is a mountainous region in Baden-Wurttemberg, in southwestern Germany. The valleys are fertile and make good pasture land as well as providing good soil vineyards. No forest region is showing serious effects of acid rain. Many trees are dying, the forest lost masses of needles, leaving them with sparse, scruffing crowns.
The Colonization of Modern Africa Many of today's distant countries are underdeveloped or not developed at all. People are going through famine and even dieing of starvation. These countries have demanding governments, and not enough money. Many countries with in Africa are just like this. The colonization of modern Africa has had many life changing effects on the people of Africa.