This paper discusses the elements of the crime of burglary and what constitutes a structure or dwelling. It will discuss a brief history of the deviance, trends and rates, and how it correlates to the specific theory that this paper will also discuss. Differential association theory best explains the burglary deviance. There are many principles associated with this type of learning theory. Edwin Sutherland’s theory discusses how crime is a learned behavior where one’s family, peers, and environment are of great influence.
Behavioral Analyst’s focus on the following concepts to piece together a crime and figure out why the criminal committed the crime. Behavioral science deals with achieving a better discerning of human behavior (Dictionay.com, n.d). By understanding how a person thinks, you can incorporate criminology and victimology into criminal profiling. Criminology is the concentration of a crime and/or criminal (Dictionary.com, n.d). In other words, what was going through the criminals mind when he or she was committing the crime?
Definition of Burglary Crime is defined as an act that violates the criminal law and is punishable by the state. (Conklin, 2013, p. 3) Burglary is considered a property crime by The Uniform Crime Reporting program (UCR) and defined as “entry into a structure using force without permission to commit a felony or theft.”(FBI, 2010) The UCR collects data on various crimes that are reported by law enforcement agencies. By collecting and publishing data received from law enforcement officers the information can be used in the future to improve the time officers respond to calls as well as give the public information on crime statistics. Research Strategies in Burglaries There are many different ways of researching crimes and criminal behaviors. It is important to research how crimes happen and what makes criminals behave the way they do so that crimes can be reduced and the criminals can be caught and punished as needed without others getting hurt.
Effects of Attractiveness, Opportunity, and Accessibility to Burglars on Residential Rates of Urban Neighborhoods. Criminology, 41, 981-1002. FBI. (2010). Crime in the United States.
(2013, June 20). FBI. Retrieved October from http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/2012/crime-in-the-u.s.-2012/violent-crime/violent-crime Violent Crime. (2013, October 23). Bureau of justice statistics (BJS).
Criminal Activity Then and Now Criminal justice is composed of many lateral departments that help us as a society to better understand the process that is started when criminal activity is suspected. We will examine how individuals learn how to commit crime and what motivates them to do so. This paper will discuss the steps that are taken once a crime is determine and how the Criminal Justice System is put into place to help solve and come to some type of resolution for the crime. This paper will further discuss the types of deterrence that are placed into society minds to help curve criminal behavior and activity. After reading this paper the reader should have a better understanding on how the Criminal Justice System works and why it is needed help promote a safe environment for our society.
Getting the Measure of Crime What practical problems does the criminologist face in going about his business? What does an informed examination of hidden crime tell us about (1) official criminal statistics and (2) The nature of social order? Are there such things as victimless crimes? Why? In my essay I will first talk about crime and what it means, I will then talk about what different methods criminologists use to collect crime such as crime surveys and self report studies and there positive and negative sides.
These include family circumstances, their personality, and mental health issues. The essay will consider the roles that society and individuals have in defining and contributing to people engaging in criminal behaviours. Before considering the overall question, it is important to define criminal behavior. Defining criminal behaviour is difficult. For the purposes of this essay, the definition of criminal behavior is any person ‘guilty of crime’ (Webster’s universal dictionary & thesaurus, 2007).
Black’s Law Dictionary defines the crime of burglary at common law, as the breaking and entering of a dwelling house of another in the nighttime with the the intent to commit a felony therein. The modern statutory definition of burglary is less restrictive. Under modern statutory burglary a person is guilty if he enters a building or occupied structure, or separately secured or occupied portion thereof, with purpose to commit a crime therein, unless the premises are at the time, open to the public or the person is licensed or privileged to enter. At common law, burglary was regarded as an infamous offense against the habitation of the home and not against the property. In order to preserve this security the common law created safeguards
Criminal profiling is an investigative technique used by many law enforcement agencies notably the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) in the analysis of elusive criminals through studying their criminal profiles. Profiling is usually done on basis of the type and nature of crime. Usually studies are conducted as to the offenders whereabouts and occupation before, during and after a particular crime was committed. After this, evidence is then combined against the different types of personalities and a fitting description of the criminal is able to be formulated. However, it is important to note that in any criminal profiling attempt, the criminal psychological mind must be described fully by their actions during and after the crime.