4th ed. Boulder, CO: Westview, 2009. N. pag. Print. Haddad, Fanar.
This need for oil prompted non-Arab countries to become involved in the Middle East by means of financial aid, treaties, weapons, and troops. Many foreign countries have intervened in Middle Eastern conflicts, in order to protect their access to an oil supply for their own nations, causing further conflicts and escalate violence in the region. The Middle East had been a very prosperous region, but they fell behind in the sciences and technology in the nineteenth century. In the early 1900's, the Ottoman Empire started to decline and was dubbed the "sick man of Europe" (Blackadar 2). This made the Ottoman Empire vulnerable to the attacks from Russia, who took land, and Europeans looking to acquire oil from the area.
There have been attempts by the Oslo Declaration of 1993, Oslo Interim Agreement of 1995, UN, The Oslo Accord, Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO), etc. but none of them have been able to successfully solve this bloodshed, long-term conflict. The United States appears to play an intermediate role in inhibiting the Israeli-Palestinian peace due to Israel and US relationships. There has not been much of an effort seen from neighboring Arab countries to stop the conflict. Israel is a powerful country that is significantly funded by the United States; therefore there is a reaction from other nation to end the conflict.
Syria was granted de jure independence in 1941. Then, in 1943, President Shukri al-Kuwatly took power. However, the last French solider did not leave until 1946. The first twenty-five years of Syrian independence was filled with extreme political instability and p... ... middle of paper ... ...s the ordinary Syrian who tries hard to surmount he difficulties of everyday life and who is tired of political slogans” (qtd. in Lawson 416).
Maoz, K , & Lenore, J 2010, ‘The Power of Middle East Public Opinion on US Interests’ American Prospect Review, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 210-43. Russel, N, & Ghabra, L 2003, ‘American Progressive Participation in Middle East Region: Merits and Demerits’, Foreign Policy Review, vol.