As many as 56 million American adults and teenagers are infected with an incurable STD. At least 24 million people are infected with human papillomavirus (HPV), or genital warts, and as many as one million new infections occur each year. HPV associated with cervical and other genital and anal cancers (McDowell 35). Misuse of contraceptives and the lack of knowledge about the consequences of sex are two huge contributors to the high number of STD cases reported the United States. Premarit... ... middle of paper ... ...think they should take a partner out for a "test drive" before getting married.
These facts from the STD Homepage (http:// med-www.bu.edu/people/sycamore/std.) further explain the diseases and what one can expect from them. Sexually Transmitted Diseases are serious and can have lifelong effects; however, most are easily prevented and treatable. AIDS The disease AIDS, which is a set of disease... ... middle of paper ... ...elids, face, chest, fingers, breasts, anus, and on the perineum. After the chancres disappear, the disease continues to inhabit the body.
“Africa, with about 12% of the world’s population, is now reporting around 25% of the world’s AIDS cases. It is estimated to have over 65% of the total number of HIV-infected adults and 90% of the world’s HIV-infected children” (Stine, 364). An incredible and unbelievable fact that shows the impact of the disease in Africa is that 6,000 Africans are HIV-infected each day which is 250 persons per hour or four per minute. Between 20% and 30% of sexually active adults between the ages of 20 and 40 are believed to be infected with HIV in some urban places of sub-Sahara Africa, where the disease is felt the hardest. In rural areas, where the most of the people live, seriousness is much lower but is still rising.
90% of HIV cases are discovered in developing countries and Uganda has the 7th highest number of HIV cases reported all over the world. This amounts to an estimated 1.4 million people, which includes approximately 190,000 children. In 2011 an estimated 62,000 people died from AIDS and 1.1 million children have been orphaned due to the virus. HIV is more common in women at 5.4 percent, compared to 2.4 percent prevalence rate amongst men. Developing countries such as Uganda have less money to support their basic necessities.
Most of them do not know they carry HIV and may be spreading the virus to others. Here in the U.S., nearly one million people have HIV infection or AIDS, or roughly one out of every 250 people. At least 40,000 Americans become newly infected with HIV each year, and it is estimated that half of all people with HIV in the U.S. have not been tested and do not know they are carrying the virus. Since the beginning of the epidemic, AIDS has killed more than 30 million people worldwide, including more than 500,000 Americans. AIDS has replaced malaria and tuberculosis as the world's deadliest infectious disease among adults and is the fourth leading cause of death worldwide.
Once the virus attacks all of your T-cells or CD4 cells, the infection can lead to AIDS. AIDS is... ... middle of paper ... ... More than 25 million people have died worldwide from AIDS since the first cases were reported in 1981. An estimated 15,529 people with an AIDS diagnosis died in 2010 alone. Prevention of HIV has potential to be very simple. Refraining from sexual activity is the number one form of prevention.
AIDS was first discovered in the United States in 1981. Since then, this epidemic has affected approximately 40 million people worldwide. AIDS is a life threatening illness that is caused by the HIV infection. When the HIV virus enters the body it begins to destroy the immune system impairing its ability to fight off certain infections and diseases. About a month after being infected, a person develops a viral infection.
A minute has gone by; has anything changed? You may not see a sudden change but in that minute, six children became infected with HIV, which totals 8,500 children and young people becoming infected with HIV a day. HIV stands for Human immunodeficiency virus. A person who has HIV is susceptible to many different diseases and viral infections, because the virus gradually destroys the immune system. Once a person becomes infected with HIV, they will eventually enter the deadly last stage called AIDS.
Out of these some 14 types of HPV are considered high risk because of their association with cervical and other genital cancers. CDC carried out a sentinel survey of cervical infections by high risk HPV in 2003-2005. They found that overall prevalence was 23%, and younger age groups from age 14 to 29 comprised more than half of cases. This survey also found that HPV 16 or 18 were found in 8% of cases. According to World Health Organization (WHO) in a summary report in 2009 estimated that 11.4% of women in general population have HPV infection and 70.9% of invasive cervical cancers are due to HPV type 16 and/or 18.
In Uganda, for example, 44 percent of all premature deaths are attributable to AIDS. In terms of years of labor productivity, AIDS is responsible for more than 66 percent of Uganda's economically significant losses. The virus is also spreading into new areas. For example: -During the last three years, HIV-infection rates among Vietnamese prostitutes jumped from 9 percent to 38 percent. -Infection rates among blood donors in the Cambodian capital of Phnom Penh have soared from 0.1 percent to more than 10 percent.