From 2010 to 2012 the teen pregnancy rate declined from 19 percent to 16 percent (childtrends). If the teen pregnancy rate could be decreased by 50% in Wards 7 and 8 then the teen pregnancy rate in Washington D.C. would decrease from 17.1% to 11.6% (childtrends). These Wards are especially at risk of teen pregnancy and the teen pregnancy rate could further decline if they focused on these at-risk populations (childtrends). Teen parenthood tends to lead to welfare dependence, negative educational outcomes, and instability in the home. Teen pregnancy costs taxpayers $9 billion a year.
In 2012, there were 29.4 births for every 1,000 females ranging from the age 15-19. This is 305,420 babies total born to females in this age group. Eighty-nine percent of these births occurred outside of marriage. The 2012 teen birth rate shows a decline of six percent from 2011 when the birth rate was 31.3 per 1,000 girls. The teen birth rate has declined pretty steadily over the past 20 years.
The rate of pregnancy per 1,000 females aged 15 -19 years in United States is 76.4 percent in 2002. The abortion rate per 1000 was 21.7 percent. Teenage pregnancy rate declined from 1994 to 2002 in United States (Langille, 2007). It continue to decline in 2012, the teen pregnancy rate drop to 29.4 per 1,000 (Folken et al., 2014). In 2012, teen pregnancy ages 15 to 17 year olds rate were 14.1 per 1,000 and ages 18 to 19 year olds rate were 51.4 per 1,000.
For example from 1990 to 2010 the teen birth rate has declined from 61.8 to 29.4 for every one thousand teen girls (Teen Pregnancy & Childbearing 1). Even with a decrease from the past twenty years, National statistics show that in 2012 there were still 305,388 teen births. On average there were twenty-nine births for every one thousand girls and only fifty-four percent were planned. More pregnancies occur among girls of minority. For example forty-six out of every one thousand girls of Hispanic descent were pregnant in 2012 while African American girls had close to forty-four for every one thousand.
Through the ages of United States, school dropout rate has been startling. Although. Historically, high school dropout rates have been steadily declining over past decades. 11.2% high school students dropout in 1994 which is 5.8% less in comparison to 17% dropout in 1970 (Debra Marguerite). Nevertheless, according to data in 2009, one- third of high school students nationwide do not successfully achieve a high school diploma and 1.2 million youths drop out each year-which translates into on dropout every 26 seconds (Enelida, 2010).
Teen Pregnancy Although the rate of teenage pregnancy in the United States has declined greatly within the past few years, it is still an enormous problem that needs to be addressed. These rates are still higher in the 1990's than they were only a decade ago. The United State's teenage birthrate exceeds that of most other industrialized nations, even though American teenagers are no more sexually active than teenagers are in Canada or Europe. Recent statistics concerning the teen birthrates are alarming. About 560,000 teenage girls give birth each year.
Linda Chavez said, “In 2008, the last year for which in-depth data are available, nearly 750,000 young women under 20 became pregnant, including some 236,000 teenage girls ages 15 to 17” (Page 1). This shows how many teens were on birth control since the rate had dropped 52 percent. But no matter how much the rates have dropped it still isn’t right for minors to not get permission from their parents. Although it is a positive thing that the rate is dropping teens need to take consideration of the precautions of the use of birth control, anything thing could happen to teens if they use it. There are a lot of health risks that come to birth control that teens do not know about.
Some recent studies estimate that the cost may be as high as $28 billion per year or an average of $5,500 for each teen parent. “Adverse Effects” states, “The majority of this cost is associated with teens who give birth before age 18.” Taxpayers are paying loads of money each year for improved health/ foster care, public assistance payments, increased restraint rates among children of teen parents and lost tax revenue because of lower educational attainment and income among teen mothers (Adverse Effect
The shows discourage teen pregnancy based on the complications and struggles the families go through and how hard it is to start a family at such a young age, but most importantly it influences teenagers to be safe and cautious. In 2009 16 and Pregnant had up to three million views a year (Sun). The statistics show that after the show first premiered that teenage birth rates dropped. After 2009 there was a 5.7% reduction in teenage pregnancy (“MTV’s ‘16 and Pregnant’”. The show gave teenagers a better perspective on people their own age having babies.
“Second, teen childbearing is very costly. A 1997 study by Rebecca Maynard of Mathematica Policy Research in Princeton, New Jersey, found that, after controlling for differences between teen mothers and mothers aged 20 or 21 when they had their first child, teen childbearing costs taxpayers more than $7 billion a year or $3,200 a year for each teenage birth, conservatively estimated”. It is found that only two-thirds of children born to teen mothers graduate. “Children of teen mothers are more likely than mothers who gave birth at age 20-21 to drop out of high school. In fact, only about two-thirds of children born to teen mothers earned a high school diploma compared to 81 percent of children of later