"The vote is the emblem of your equality, women of America, the guarantee of your liberty"-Carrie Chapman Catt Introduction Women 's suffrage started in 1848 in Seneca Falls, New York when women met to discuss problems women were facing with their rights. Women believed that they should be treated the same as men and have the right to vote. The Women 's Rights movement started in 1850s and there were many advocates for woman suffrage. Susan B. Anthony was one of the advocates who believed that women had to fight to get the chance to vote. Anthony then became a part of a group called the National Woman Suffrage Association.
Susan B, Anthony became an agent for the American Anti-Slavery Society in 1856. In 1863 Anthony and Stanton organized a Women's National Loyal League to support and petition for the Thirteenth Amendment outlawing slavery. They went on to campaign for full citizenship for women and people of any race, including the right to vote, in the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments. They were bitterly disappointed and disillusioned when women were excluded. Anthony continued to campaign for equal rights for all American citizens Education Reform In 1853 Anthony called for women to be admitted to the teaching profession and for better pay for women teachers.
The first light for the women’s right was appeared in the Revolutionary days when Abigail Adams entreated her husband to make a place for women in the Constitution of the United States. Disappointed by the unfair status towards women, some women, led by the Elizabeth Cady Stanton, planed the suffrage movement. On the first meeting of the Woman’s State Temperance Convention organized by these women, Susan Anthony, encouraged by Stanton, present the opening address as well as to preside. McDavitt noted that “Susan Anthony had dared to say what others had only dared to think”. Besides, Anthony devoted much of her life to publicize woman’s right and was viewed as an extremely persuasive public speaker.
"But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their duty to throw off such government, and to provide new guards for their future security. Such has been the patient sufferance of the women under this government, and such is now the necessity which constrains them to demand the equal station to which they are entitled." (DOS) In 1848, a convention was held in Seneca Falls, New York promoting the rights of women. Believing they were subject to 'a long train of abuses and usurpations,' hundreds of women gathered to hear Elizabeth Cady Stanton, one of the founding suffragettes, read the Declaration of Sentiments. Modeled after the United State's Declaration of Independence, Stanton and other influential suffragettes constructed 'Sentiments' to announce their intentions to 'demand the equal station to which they were entitled.'
It was the year 1840, at the world famous Anti-Slavery Convention in London, when Lucretia Mott decided she had dealt with enough. Born in 1793, Mott was a Quaker minister and advocate for anti-slavery who had no fear of standing up for what she felt was right. When women were refused the right to fully participate at the Anti-Slavery Convention, Mott became determined to fight for women’s rights. In 1848, she joined abolitionist Elizabeth Cady Stanton at the Wesleyan Chapel in Seneca Falls, New York for the first Convention dedicated to women’s rights. Quickly gaining support, these women fought for the right to vote and equal rights in education and employment.
Those who rejected these styles found themselves the center of public humiliation. Gerrit Smith, a top United States politician and abolonist declared, “Women could not hope to be accepted by men as equals until they began to dress more practically.” (George Sullivan) Gerrit Smith’s ideas sparked an idea in his daughter, Elizabeth Smith Miller’s mind. Elizabeth thought of wearing a pair of ballooning pants under a skirt at knee level. This impressed Elizabeth’s cousin Elizabeth Cady Stanton, who was an American social activist and was extremely influential in the Women’s right movement. Elizabeth loved her cousin, Elizabeth Smith... ... middle of paper ... ...r equality of women whose only representation at the time was through husbands.
Evans, Sara M. Born for Liberty – A History of Women in America. New York: Free Press Paperback, A Division of Simon & Schuster Inc., 1989 Ferguson, Robert A. The American Enlightenment 1750-1820. London, England: Harvard University Press, 1997 Jacob, Margaret, and Mack, Phyllis. Women and the Enlightenment.
New York: WW Norton & Co. Inc., 1988. - Cummins, Mary. The Best of About Women. Dublin: Marino Books, 1996. - Hursthouse, Rosalind.
“Grolier Electronic Publishing” shows that the first problem women faced was suffrage. While men were able to vote and to participate in the political life, women were not. Therefore, the efforts were united and aimed at winning the right to vote. Consequently, in 1903, the women social and political union (WSPU) was established with its main goal as winning the right of suffrage for women. The Union was under the leadership of Emmiline Panhurst who was able to lead her fellow women in Britain in demonstrations that protested against the inequality of men.
She also founded the Women’s Loyal National League in 1863. This League was all about ending the Civil War and the emancipation of all slaves. Stanton gathered more than 300,000 signatures petitioning towards emancipation and was successful (“Elizabeth Cady Stanton,” Britannica). Later, she founded and was the first president of the National Woman's Suffrage Association. NWSA was formed in 1869, and was worked towards changing the Fifteenth Amendment to allowing women to vote as well (Foner and Garraty).