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Summary Of The Psych Review Paper Of John Locke

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1064 words
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Real and illusory events and differentiating between the two was the main topic of the Psych Review Paper. There were two experiments done and there were small differences between them. The first experiment consisted of listened to a reading of the words: snore, slumber, night, tired, comfort, dark, rest, sound, bed, dream, awake, and eat. Then 5 minutes after the words were read, the subjects were given a 3 minute time limit to recall as many words from the list as possible in any order. Then the subjects were given four judgement tasks to test their confidence on if the words they recorded were words they heard in the list, to specify if they knew the word was from the list or if they remembered hearing the word from the list, if the subjects …show more content…

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that the psych review paper focuses on real and illusory events and differentiating between them. the first experiment consisted of listened to a reading of the words.
  • Explains that experiment 2 was a 3x2 between-subjects design. the same words were used, but the four judgement tasks remained the same.
  • Explains that thomas hobbes held the belief that all knowledge is obtained from sensory experience. the second experiment consisted of the subjects being instructed to recall the words in the order they were listed.
  • Analyzes how john locke's views differed from that of hobbes. he believed that the operations of the mind are separate from the sensory experience.
  • Explains that bonnot de condillac believed that there was a certain order to memories and remembering things. if one remembers something, it will cause them jump to another memory, then another, and keep going to older memories.
  • Explains that rationalism is different from empiricism because it believes that sensory experiences are altered and the mind understands abstract ideologies. gottfried wilhelm von leibniz believed that ideas were innate, not derived from experience.
  • Explains johann friedrich herbart's view that ideas either make it into the conscious and one becomes aware of it or they don't.

He believed that the operations of the mind are separate from the sensory experience. To elaborate, he believed that experiencing the sensory information would cause the brain create an infinite amount of other ideas. In the second experiment, the subjects were instructed to come up with ways to remember the words for questions that would be asked about word meaning later. Looking at this from Locke’s point of view, hearing the words and then the instructions would cause the subjects’ brain to come up with idea after idea to keep the words in mind. This would also be a great example of Locke’s view on a simple idea becoming a complex idea. Locke also used primary and secondary qualities in his lexicon. A primary quality causes one to think of a physical object that is related to that work. A secondary quality causes one to think of something felt or seen by the senses. The words night, dark, bed, rest, eat, and slumber could have caused the subjects to think of physical objects that are related to those …show more content…

Rationalism does not believe that only sensory experience is used to attain knowledge. It is the belief that the sensory experiences are altered and the mind is able to understand abstract ideologies. Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz was a rationalist. He believed that ideas were innate, not derived from experience. That would mean that when the subjects were instructed to create ways to remember the list of words for questions later on about word meaning, their ideas wouldn’t come from the brain, they would already be there naturally. “The fact that humans possess many monads of a lower nature, and that ideas provided by our dominant monad exist only as potentialities, explains why we experience ides with varying degrees of clarity” (Hergenhahn, 2009, p. 187). Therefore according the Leibniz, the subjects in the experiments might would have a difficult time recalling the words from the list, because humans do not think clearly, have different levels of intelligence, and are connected to matter and

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