Another point of view would be in his book, “Outliers,” where Malcolm Gladwell writes “It’s because of the contributions of lots of different people and lots of different circumstances, an that means we, as a society, have more control about who succeeds- and how many of us succeed.” (8;Reading Group Guide) is what composes long-term success. I have always believed that success was derived from an individual’s determination, culture, or just pure luck. In their recent opinion piece, an excerpt from The New York Times, Chua and Rubenfeld have offered harsh critiques as to what is required in order for a person to acquire success. For example, they frequently state that the three traits needed are superiority complex, insecurity, and impulse control. The first trait is superiority complex, which Chua and Rubenfeld define as “a deep-seated belief in their exceptionality.
“Vince Lombardi.” BrainyQuote.com. Xplore Inc, 2014. 20 January 2014. Dawson, Jeanne. “Plagiarism: What's really going on?” Seeking Educational Excellence.
Outliers: The Story of Success. New York: Little, Brown and, 2008. ________Print
John Heywood once said, “Two minds are better than one”, and this just may be true when people need the best solution to a problem. In Suroweicki’s book, The Wisdom of Crowds, he expresses a common belief that if a group is working towards a mutual goal, than their results will by far surpass those of a single individual. The Law of Averages helps determine a group’s ability to collaborate its ideas into a single outcome, which confirms how Surowiecki’s ideas that a larger group of people can provide many accurate predictions. Throughout his book, Surowiecki discusses how predictions and probability are some of the many key ingredients to achieving good results (10). Similarly, the Law of Averages states that groups will predict the correct outcome after a series of trial and error, which supports Surowiecki’s ideas.
Kuhn sees paradigms as basic and incontrovertible assumptions about the nature of the discipline (Kuhn, 1996). Paradigms are frames of reference we use to organize our observations and reasoning. Generally speaking, a paradigm encompasses theories, and an effective paradigm will bring forth an effective theory. Therefore, it is safe to say by examining a paradigm, we can understand the organization of the theory guided by that paradigm. Paradigms gain their status because they are more successful than their competitors in solving a few problems that the group of practitioners has come to recognize as acute.