Through his accounts, V.V. Shulgin has given us a look in Russia from 1906 to 1917. Although he was more right than left politically, through his memoirs, we can see that he had mixed views about the events that were going around him. As Shulgin begins his memoirs with his plans for raising electors, he focuses on the clergymen, the large landowners and more impor... ... middle of paper ... ...cal power was the downfall of the Tsar, Russian autocracy, and the non-leftist political figures. Just as the Tsar left Russia, Shulgin also left the country for the increasing threat of the Bolsheviks.
(Modern Enc.. and Kort) 	To prevent Malenkov from gaining to much power, he was stripped of his duties as First Secretary. These duties in turn were handed to Nikita Khrushchev, a longtime party boss of the Ukraine and the first secretary of the party’s Moscow organization, who was not seen as a serious candidate for supreme power. (Kort) Khrushchev had two advantages over his associates, the right to appoint his trusted followers to key positions and the right to demote those he distrusted. To succeed Khrushchev had to remove his two principal rivals. He removed Beria quickly with the help of other colleagues who feared Beria.
A new class of people called the Nomenklatura was created after Stalin annihilated the capitalist class. Lenin was the founder behind this new class, although he did not realize that he had any part in it. Lenin created party along Bolshevik lines... ... middle of paper ... ...fewer hours, which in reality did not add up as it caused British goods to be highly uncompetitive in a global market. Thatcher revolutionized Great Britain back into a competitive country. The Labor party had virtually destroyed any hope of Britain being competitive on a global market and therefore Britain was failing economically.
Joseph Stalin ruled the Soviet Union from 1922 until his death in 1954. He is widely recognized as a dictator, an oppressor, and a ruthless ruler who took the Soviet Union from economic shambles to a superpower, but with the high cost of human sacrifice and his paranoia of opposition. Stalin saw himself as the natural successor of Leninism-Marxism, but in actuality he created a system of his own which did not go according to the philosophy of Karl Marx and Engels. Stalin’s early political career began just like everyone else who gained prominence in the Bolshevik takeover of the Russian Empire. Lenin had successfully launched his revolution in October, 1917 and became the leader of the Russian Communist Party until his death in January 1924.
When Stalin used to work with Lenin and Trotsky, it wasn’t a competition of who was the best and who should control the country of Russia, but then it all changed. After that, he got people to turn against them and got rid of t... ... middle of paper ... ...lowing him. Another reason was identity. Napoleon only represented Stalin, and that really brought out his characteristics. Since Napoleon was meant to represent Stalin, all of Stalin’s traits, most of his bad deeds, and events occurred in the book.
Russia was falling way behind the rest of the world, and with the death of Lenin they were looking for a new leader. The single party system made it easy for a totalitarian style leader to take hold of the reigns of power. Trotsky and Stalin were the two candidates for the take over Russia’s government. They both used socialism to try to move into power, but Stalin used socialism on the home front to his advantage. Where Trotsky wanted to use the rest of the world for socialism, making the people think that they needed a crutch.
After becoming Russian leader Mikhail Gorbachev had plans to “reform” many aspects of communism in Russia as well as its satellite states that jeopardized the Soviet Union 's longevity (Kalashnikov, p.77). Gorbachev would be the first leader of many since Leonid Brezhnev that came before him to critically consider the economic hardships and issues that Russia and its satellite states were facing. It can also be stated that Gorbachev was “unwilling to use military force” to resolve issues as seen in later political conflicts that plagued Russia and its satellite states (Todd, p.198). The consequences that came from Gorbachev’s decisions whether he knew it at the time or not was that they would create more political turmoil for the Soviet Union due to him not using force to maintain his dominance in Russian politics, control satellite states, or display Soviet presence globally similar to previous leaders before him for the self-preservation of the Soviet Union. From the realists’ perspective a connection can be made between Gorbachev’s decisions to not use force over concerns of ethics and morale, and the dismantling of the Soviet Union leaving the USSR vulnerable in various national aspects such as economics, politics, and global influence, along with the global perception of the
Dzerzhinsky, the head of the Cheka and political adversary to Stalin, also died fortuitously in 1926. His death facilitated the infiltration of Stalin?s supporters into the political police which Stalin eventually used against his opponents. It was also fortunate for Stalin that Lenin?s testament was not publicized. If Lenin?s negative views on Stalin succeeding him had been aired, there would have been no possibility for Stalin?s victory. Another reason for Stalin?s victory was his influence over the party machine through his key positions in the Politburo and Orgburo and as General Secretary.
What In Your View Is the Short term Significance of Leon Trotsky? Trotsky played a key role in the Bolshevik party, encouraging revolution, which saw the Bolsheviks gain power in 1917. He built up a strong Red Army during the civil war, used to ensure the survival of the Bolshevik government and was seen by many as the most likely candidate to take over as leader after Lenin’s death, showing the significance he was held in by Russians. However, evidence suggests that after Lenin’s death he lost his a considerable amount of power, eventually being exiled from the Communist party. In the short-term it is clear that Trotsky had a huge significance in the development of Russia, shown clearly through both his letters and documents, and the opinions of those close to Trotsky.
The fall of the Soviet Union Before one can understand the fall of the Soviet Union, he has to know how the nation came into being and the leaders, and the location of the country and the time period of its reign. How did the Soviet Union come into existence? Through the 1900’s the Soviet Union was entangled in a vast number of conflicts all because they wanted to spread communism. Subsequently, the rampant spread of communism and Soviet ideals had an impact in the First World War, Second World and Cold War. Under the authoritarian control of Russian leaders the budget for the military and various sectors clarifies that the Soviet Union in its existence failed.