Lorenzo de Medici was one of the most influential figures in this era due to his unorthodox politics as well as his generous contributions to the world of art. Because of these two themes, Lorenzo was the main proponent that helped start the Renaissance, and influenced Italian life thereafter. Lorenzo was born into the aristocratic Medici family on January 1st, 1449 and at an early age was trained for power. He rose to become the ruler of Florence, after his father Piero died prematurely, assuming the title Prince of Florence. At first, he shared power with his younger brother Giuliano.
In 1478 Pope SIXTUS IV helped to foment the Pazzi conspiracy against him. Lorenzo's brother Giuliano was murdered, but Lorenzo escaped with only a wound, and the plot collapsed. In spite of the attacks of Girolamo Savonarola, Lorenzo allowed him to continue preaching. Lorenzo's historical significance was being a patron of Bottielli and Michaelangelo. His second son later became pope as Leo X. ?
A post Middle Age Italy was afflicted by medieval wars and the bubonic plague. A change was needed to restore the vision of what Italy could become. This change was found within one family: the Medici’s, who helped to return the glory and influence to Florence. The Medici’s saw the value in contributing to the advancement of the greatest minds of the period. This was evident in their patronage of leading Artists such as Michelangelo and of renowned Teachers such as Galileo.
The Renaissance was a time of rebirth of classic learning of the Greeks and Romans in Western Europe after the Middle Ages. Humanism, started by Pettrarch, was the popular belief during that era. People no longer believed that art and culture were only in the hands of the clergy. People wanted to explore and be creative, to be part of the arts and literature themselves. The Medici family were great humanists and made significant contribution to the development of the Italian and European Renaissance.
ix Napoleon Bonaparte is regarded as one of the greatest military and political masterminds in the history of man. Through his extremely successful Italian campaigns, his revolutionary changes in the French government and battles against the Third Coalition Napoleon gave France total domination over Western Europe and to become a great nation.
Donatello was educated in the house of the Martelli family, one of the wealthiest Florentine families at that time. It is said that he received his early artistic training in a goldsmith’s workshop, then went on to work shortly in the studio of the well known artist Lorenzo Ghiberti. Before he was 20, he was receiving commissions for his work. "Donatello Biography." Bio.com.
He died at age 80 also in Florence Italy. Donatello lived a long life and created many masterpieces that were known by many people. He was an Italian sculpture and was the greatest Florentine sculpture of the Renaissance before Michelangelo. Donatello was also the most influential artist of the 15th century in Italy. Donatello was a descendent of a branch of the important Bardi family.
Niccolo Machiavelli was one of the most influential writers of the Renaissance. He started to write “The Prince” in July of 1513 and finished it in 1514. The Prince was written during a time of political turbulence, as a practical guide to help Lorenzo de’ Medici stay in power, and also as a guide for a ruler or future ruler, showing what a ruler needs to do to maintain political power while withstanding attacks by foreign powers. He also stated, “I too would like to commend myself to Your Magnificence with some token of my readiness to serve you” (Machiavelli). Machiavelli lived in Florence, Italy, at this time politically organized by city states.
Through the commissioning of Sainte Chappelle in Paris, King Louis who was deeply rooted in Catholicism, brought prosperity throughout France by founding Paris as a pilgrimage epicenter that hosts the renowned ‘Passion Relics’ that brought about the rise and power of the Catholic Church in France. The Capetian Monarchs formed alliances with the Catholic Church in order to justify their rule, showing the importance of Catholicism amongst the population. In France, Catholicism was the primary religion in France and was intertwined with the political system in France. At that time it was common knowledge that the Pope and King had a vital and interdependent relationship (Davis 194). Catholicism was introduced around the 2nd century when word spread about martyrs in Lyon in 177.
During the second attempt, Henry’s forces captured the city of Boulogne, however, Henry’s forces were strained when they lost the support of the Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V. Henry succeeded his father in the spring of April 1509, adopting the regal name of Henry VIII. In an effort to make a marital alliance betw... ... middle of paper ... ...maining monasteries became dissolved, and all property was transferred to the crown. During 1539, the previous alliance between Charles and Francis had broken, concluding into a renewed war. Relationships between Charles and Henry were renewed, and a secret alliance was concluded between the two Emperors. He entered the Italian War in favor of Charles.