Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment

904 Words2 Pages

Discuss the Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment along with the subsequent reaction as embodied by the Romantic movement. Give specific examples of how these movements affected the arts. What was their eventual impact on the western intellectual world.

The Scientific revolution and The Enlightenment period overlapped by a hundred years and were co-occurring between 1650-1750. The Scientific Revolution happening first and beginning around 1600, was a period of time when new ideas and tools were created and used to experiment with the physical world, occurring between 1600-1750. New methods increased learning capacities across the board and toward what was thought of as “human perfectibility”, old ideas were put through a new test of empirical reasoning. Galileo Galilei made advances in astronomy by advancing the design of already existing telescopes by add a 30 power magnification, as a result he received major opposition from the Roman Catholic church (Landmarks 295). During this time Francis Bacon also made a plea for separation between science and religion in his 1620 writing “Novum Organum”.

The Enlightenment period, which was fueled by the Scientific revolution was also called the Age of Reason. The time period was between 1650 and 1800, lasting half a century past the Scientific Revolution. Both eras were based on fact, knowledge and reason as opposed to religion, much like the ancient Greco-Roman advancement. The enlightenment saw the formation of social sciences: anthropology, sociology, economics, and political science –all devoted to the study of humankind and the guarantee of higher and more enlightened social order and achievements (Landmarks 297). During this period philosophers continued to fiercely de...

... middle of paper ...

... was missing from the Enlightenment. The overall reaction to the Enlightenment tossed out social ills and accepted the Scientific revolution for what it was but left it slow to progress until the 20th century which brought about advanced in digital information.

The impact of the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment on the western world caused philosophers, scholars, and free thinkers to speculate if reason could solve poverty, war, and ignorance. New ways of thinking and reasoning, like the empirical method led to new ideas about government, religion, education, and economics.

Works cited

Baldasso, Renzo. "The Role of Visual Representation in the Scientific Revolution: A Historiographic Inquiry." Print.

Fiero, Gloria K. Landmarks in Humanities. 2nd ed. Boston: McGraw-Hill Higher Education, 2009. Print.

Open Document