Scientific Revolution Essay

argumentative Essay
1151 words
1151 words

The expansion and endorsement of intellectualism by the many important forward thinking scientists created a desire for social revolution, which, in turn, created an atmosphere conducive to further intellectual study. The Scientific Revolution was, in essence, both a social and intellectual revolution. During the Scientific Revolution, scientists such as Nicolaus Copernicus, Galileo Galilei, Francis Bacon, Rene Descartes, and Christiaan Huygens wrestled with questions concerning God, human intellectualism, and their scientific views of the universe, its purpose, and how it functions. Ultimately, the implications of these new scientific discoveries began to change the way people thought and behaved. People began to question the widely accepted and Roman Catholic Church endorsed Aristotelian views of the universe. This led to the questioning of the traditional views of the state and societal structure. The geocentric Ptolemaic model was no longer blindly accepted. The earth was now no longer easily explainable or thought to be the center of the universe. Beliefs that were hundreds of years old were now proven to be false.
In addition to this, the authority of the Roman Catholic Church, which had always held that the motion of the universe was controlled by God, was now questioned by many. In response, this set the Roman Catholic Church as a natural opponent of the Scientific Revolution. This was because the new information contradicted the Church’s world view not because of opposition to new ideas or scientific exploration itself. Fortunately, the Scientific Revolution happened moderately over approximately a one hundred and fifty year period so society and the Church had time to adjust to the revolutionary new thoughts.

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...ul attitudes regarding science exploration and religion or because they came later in the Revolution and the Church and society was more prepared to receive their messages. Religion was based on personal faith and guidance by the Church and prior to the Scientific Revolution, the Church had even extended their power into the world of science. Science and scientists proved to have the final say, not so much as to discredit the Roman Catholic Church but to dictate a place for science in the world. In the end, science and religion remained independent from each other and free of outside control, which allowed each person to define the universe and its workings for themselves. Through the many years of the Scientific Revolution, people were inspired to pursue knowledge for themselves and make social changes, thus fulfilling both social and intellectual revolutions.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that the scientific revolution was both a social and intellectual revolution. scientists wrestled with questions concerning god, human intellectualism, and their scientific views of the universe.
  • Explains that the roman catholic church was a natural opponent of the scientific revolution because the new information contradicted the church's world view.
  • Explains that nicolaus copernicus was one of the first astronomers to challenge the roman catholic church's geocentric world view.
  • Analyzes how copernicus expressed his concern over whether the roman catholic church would disagree with his scientific findings. he was worried that he would be judged harshly by religious officials and society.
  • Compares galileo's approach towards new scientific knowledge with copernicus'. the medici family of florence distanced themselves from his findings in the dialogue on the two chief systems of the world.
  • Explains that francis bacon rejected the old system of speculative reasoning and proposed that knowledge should be gained from experience and empirical research. he championed learning as something to do for its own sake and as an act of reverence to god.
  • Explains that even with many scientists proclaiming loyalty to the christian faith, the church still worried that the scientific revolution could disturb foundation of religion. isaac newton completed the last part of the puzzle started by copernicus and attempted by galileo.
  • Explains that the scientific revolution put an end to mystical and faith based beliefs that were used to explain the world.
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