Schizophrenia is a complex disorder of the brain, which is incurable but treatable to live a close to a normal life. There are different types of schizophrenia and they each have different symptoms and affect a person's life in different ways. Schizophrenia is a disease that ebbs and flows, which means that the people with the disease have acute periods called relapses. This is when a person with schizophrenia experiences a number of sensations that are an addition to their usual feelings, and because they are additions, they are called "positive symptoms." The term "positive symptoms" does not mean it is positive in the sense that it is wanted or a positive thing to have.
The most common type of hallucination is hearing things that are not there, such as voices. Some people find comfort in their hallucinations, but typically the experience is alienating, stressful and often terrifying. With paranoid schizophrenia, for instance, hallucinations are commonly experienced as a belief that people, even loved ones and healthcare workers, intend to do the person harm. As a result, the person experiencing hallucinations often feel immense distrust, discomfort, and even terror of those around them. In turn, this person’s community (family, healthcare workers, friends) can feel similarly uncomfortable, confused, awkward, and at times, fearful.
There is disorganized schizophrenia, Catatonic schizophrenia, paranoid schizophrenia and undifferentiated schizophrenia. The most common type of schizophrenia is paranoid schizophrenia. Paranoid schizophrenia is schizophrenia marked by a preoccupation with delusions or by frequent auditory hallucinations related to a single theme, especially grandeur or persecution (Coon). Paranoid schizophrenics usually feel that they are being watched or monitored, while feeling that someone is trying to harm or threaten them. In most cases paranoid schizophrenics claim to hear voices that are not real and only heard by them.
Patients with the illness schizophrenia hear voices in their head that no one else can hear. Furthermore, they hear clicking noises and non-human voices. A patient with schizophrenia can ignore the hallucination, but some patients experience hallucinations daily, like another person for input in your daily tasks. Therefore, they often become controlling and patients have problems with overcoming “their” voices. Patients with schizophrenia isolate themselves from their family and friends, which causes hallucinations to appear more often because of more self-thoughts.
The illness can best be described as a collection of particular symptoms that usually fall into four basic categories: formal thought disorder, perception disorder, feeling/emotional disturbance, and behavior disorders (Young, 23). People with schizophrenia describe strange of unrealistic thoughts. Their speech is sometimes hard to follow because of disordered thinking. Phrases seem disconnected, and ideas move from topic to topic with no logical pattern in what is being said. In some cases, individuals with schizophrenia say that they have no idea at all or that their heads seem “empty”.
They are incapable of understanding other’s feelings, withdraw themselves socially and are concerned with their thoughts and fantasies (Nevid & Rathus et al., 2010) The most common type of schizophrenia is called Paranoid Schizophrenia. Individuals living with this type of schizophrenic disorder displays paranoid delusions accompanied by hallucinations and perceptual disturbances. They may have some delusions of persecution, exalted births, references, special missions or bodily change (Puri & Treasaden, 2011). As mentioned earlier, some individuals assume they are being conspired against, therefore they may have a more agitated and fearful personality, which goes hand-in-hand with the delusional thoughts. It is difficult for ... ... middle of paper ... ...hizophrenia Health Information - NY Times Health.
One positive symptom is delusions – delusions occur when someone has a deeply rooted belief in something that is not true, or most members of society would believe the belief to be a misrepresentation of reality (Durand, Barlow 474). This is not of much assurance to those suffering from delusions, as people with schizophrenia honestly believe that their false perceptions are in fact true (Comer 427). Delusions of persecution are especially common. These delusions often lead schizophrenics to believe that ... ... middle of paper ... ... coping methods to deal with the symptoms of schizophrenia. CBT therapists try to educate, challenge, and find coping techniques to deal with hallucinations (Comer 460-461).
Patients with schizophrenia seek love and comfort from their family and friends surrounding them. When they feel the love and support is there, it allows them to put aside the feeling of depression or any other type of frustration. These patients have the same opportunity to become fully independent as anyone else with a little bit of help. If someone is suspected of schizophrenia, or any brain disorder, it is important to seek help. The sooner the diagnosis, the better the outcome.
Schizophrenia is a chronic and severe mental disorder characterized by the breakdown of the thought processes, of emotional responsiveness and of contact with reality. The term schizophrenia itself means “fragmented mind.” A person with this disorder has trouble with deciphering between what is “real” and what is “unreal”. (Gur & Johnson, 2006) Symptoms of schizophrenia can be divided into five categories: psychotic symptoms, negative symptoms, cognitive impairment, mood problems, and behavioral disturbances. No two people with schizophrenia have the same symptoms; each person is unique. Symptoms can vary in intensity and alter over time.
Schizophrenia is a severe, chronic, and often disabling brain disease. While the term Schizophrenia literally means, "split mind," it should not be confused with a "split," or multiple, personality. It is more accurately described as a psychosis -- a type of illness that causes severe mental disturbances that disrupt normal thought, speech, and behavior. The first signs of schizophrenia usually appear as shocking or radical changes in behavior. Others may have severe psychotic symptoms listed above.