Treatments include antipsychotic medications that come with a slew of negative side effects, psychosocial treatments, illness management skill therapy, and cognitive behavioral therapy. Schizophrenia is often accompanied by substance abuse, so rehab often comes along with treatment of the disorder. Nobody really knows exactly what causes schizophrenia, which is one of the things that makes it so interesting. It appears to be a culmination of many different factors. These many factors include: genetics- schizophrenia is up to 80% heritable (Picker, Psychiatric Times), prenatal complications, slower fetal growth, which sometimes indicates cerebral atrophy, hypoxia near the time of birth, prenatal infections, childhood infections, childhood antecedents, substance abuse, and life experiences.
Through exorcisms, harsh experiments and even to the modernized way of medication and therapy, we as a country have come a long way in handling these illnesses. Schizophrenia is not a simple mental illness to diagnose due to the fact that there are five types such as Paranoid, Catatonic, Disorganized, Simple, and Undifferentiated. The most commonly diagnosed form of Schizophrenia is Paranoid. Paranoid accounts for more than 50% of patients and is characterized by delusions of grandeur and persecution. This results in vivid hallucinations and absurd behaviors.
The sudden onset of severe psychotic symptoms is referred to as an “acute” phase of schizophrenia. “Psychosis,” a common condition in schizophrenia, is a state of mental impairment marked by hallucinations, which are disturbances of sensory perception, and/or delusions, which are false yet strongly held personal beliefs that result from an inability to separate real from unreal experiences. Schizophrenia can be traced back to Egyptian times. The word "schizophrenia" comes from the Greek roots schizo (split) and phrene (mind) to describe the thinking of people with the disorder. His term was not meant to convey the idea of split or multiple personality, a common misunderstanding by many people.
For quite a long time schizophrenia was perceived as a ‘functional disorder’ with some doctors saying it was a ‘sociological phenomenon’ (Gelder et al 1989) meaning’ patients with schizophrenia are normal people who are driven insane by an insane world’. Schizophrenics may often be withdrawn from other people and usual everyday reality, frequently into a life of strange delusions and hallucinations. Schizophrenia is known to cause such huge disruption within that person’s life that it is unsurprising that it has been very difficult to find out what the underlying causes of the disorder are and to develop methods to try and treat it. There is still a long road to travel before anyone understands the various factors that trigger schizophrenia . There are many treatments but ones that are effective as well as having no undesirable side effects are yet to be found, although the efficiency of some antipsychotic drugs and current advancement in biological research has actually countered this 70’s concept.
Schizophrenia is considered one of the most common mental illness worldwide. Although it is a common illness, research has yet determined the initial factors that contribute to the disorder. Everyday schizophrenia affects individuals drastically with some bizarre symptoms, that only themselves understand it. In the following, one will be able to understand and identify each type, what factors contribute to the cause and how individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia function on a daily basis. Characterized as the “crazy” disorder, schizophrenia is a mental illness that causes an individual to misinterpret reality and fantasy.
People all over the world suffer from this dreadful disease, but you may be wondering what it is, what causes it, and if there are treatments? All these questions and more with be answered, but first of all, what is schizophrenia? Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by irrational thought processes. A person dealing with this debilitating illness may think that people are going to kill them, or kidnap them. Some Schizophrenics often have “voices” in their heads telling them what to do.
Introduction to Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder that “disrupts the function of multiple brain systems, resulting in impaired social and occupational functioning” (Lewis & Sweet, 2009, pg. 706). Lewis (2009) suggests these functions usually consist of the confluence of disturbance in perception, attention, volition, fluency and production of language, recognition and expression of emotion, and capacity for pleasure. Schizophrenia has calamitous effects on people, and such devastating illness afflicts “0.5%-1% of the world’s population” (Lewis & Sweet, 2009, pg. 706).
... ... middle of paper ... ...together equally, not putting an emphasis on either of the treatments. Most patients in treatment have an entire team of specialists to help with their recovery. This team includes psychologists, social workers, psychiatric nurses, counselors, and therapists, all who work together to create a personalized plan for each person to receive the best care possible for their illness. Schizophrenia may be an extremely complex disease, but with even a small insight and understanding of the disease it becomes that the people that suffer from this disease are not the deviant criminals that we see on the television, but rather just mentally ill patients that have an extremely confusing and complicated disease. But through an understanding of the many symptoms, and treatment opportunities it becomes easier and easier to understand and aide in the treatment of this disorder.
The minds of human beings are probably the most complex of structures there can be in the world. As much good the human mind puts out into the world as we know it, is the same amount of bad that it could also emit. The only apparent way it could harm the world is through disorders. One of these disorders, being Schizophrenia, has taken over the minds of around 2.4 million Americans and one to two percent of people across the world. There are different forms of Schizophrenia.
Lesson on Schizophrenia As an overview, schizophrenia is a disease to the brain. It is one of the most disabling and emotionally devastating illnesses known to man. It has been misunderstood for a long time. It has a biological basis, so it is like other diseases. It is a very common disease; one percent to one and a half percent of the U.S. has been diagnosed within some point in their life.